The philosophy of ancient India

The basis of Indian philosophy formed the Vedas (sacred texts), as well as comments.These texts are the oldest monument in the Indo-Aryan culture.They are created in the 15th century BC.e.It was believed that the Vedas have always existed, and no one was never created.That is why these sacred texts could not contain erroneous information.Most of them are written in the mystical language (Sanskrit).With a universe communicates with man.

Part Vedas presented recordings of revelations of cosmic truths."Shroud" is available only to people devoted."Smriti" (the other part of the sacred texts) are an adapted texts for the less gifted people (workers, women, members of the lower classes (castes). In particular, the Indian saga Mahabharata and Ramayana are "Smriti┬╗.

Philosophy AncientIndia reveals a concept such as 'Karma'. It was believed that Karma - is the law of effect and cause. Everything depends on it, even gods.

philosophy of ancient India, in one of the philosophical categories, contained the notion that everything around manis an illusion. Ignorance person contributes to his illusory conception of the world. It was called this representation - Maya.

Traditional Indian philosophical schools are divided into the orthodox (following rigorously based on ancient teachings) and the orthodox school. The first recognized the authority of the Vedas.

to the orthodox schools isNyaya. According to the understanding of the material world existed. Human knowledge was carried out by the five senses.The philosophy of ancient India taught at the school, all went beyond the senses - does not exist.We accept four sources of knowledge: reasoning, perception, comparison, the word authority.

Another orthodox school was Vaisheshika.It was founded Rishi Canada.In this school of philosophy in ancient India recognized the existence of two worlds: the sensible and the supersensible.Underlying all were indivisible particles (atoms).Between them, the space is filled with ether (Akasha).Vitality of atoms is Brahman.This philosophy is also recognized two sources of knowledge: perception and reasoning.

Underlying mimamsa (another school of philosophy) is also the authority of the sacred texts.In this school of philosophers of ancient India focus on the correct interpretation of the scriptures (Vedas) and the importance described in these rituals.

Features of Ancient Indian philosophy Sankhya school presented in recognition of the materiality and objectivity of the world.

The teaching yoga is a system of action.They were directed to the knowledge of the absolute.Dedicated to the teaching of certain specific driving force in the process of liberation.

Among unorthodox philosophies should be noted individual materialism.Lokayady (schools) reject the need for a world religion.They recognize that there is only what is felt (the soul - is the body).The vital goal, according to this doctrine, was to obtain satisfaction.

Doctrine Jainism accepted the eternal, uncreated substance.This fundamental principle of the world is the carrier of energy and had a progressive and simple movement.Jainism teaches that the atoms of different weights make the whole world.Indivisible particles coalesce into things.According to this doctrine, there is only inanimate matter and soul.The basic principle of the school of philosophy was no harm living.

Buddhist teachings imply four truths: life - this suffering;causes suffering in the desires and passions;freedom from suffering comes after the rejection of desires;completes all the liberation of man from the bondage of samsara (rebirth series - life).Buddhism propagated Atisha, Shantarakshita, Chandrakirti and other philosophers.