term "worldview" appeared and entered the scientific revolution in the late 18th century in connection with the scientific work of the representatives of German classical philosophy.But this does not mean that it is time to add up all the conceptual provisions of this phenomenon.First of all, it should be said that many ideas, without which today we can not imagine any world (it does not matter what type we are talking about a mass or individual), came to the ideological conglomeration of very different forms of social consciousness.Moreover, the very worldview expressed mainly through the contents of such spiritual phenomena as philosophy, mythology, metaphysics, religion.
World, its nature and structure, as a rule, expressed through the representation of individuals, they are formulated in the process of generalization of the knowledge that is acquired as a result of social practice.As a result of such generalizations formed understanding of philosophy as a specific form of consciousness of the individual, which reflects his views on the surrounding reality and their place in this reality.
In many sources you can find the different definitions of ideology, but for all their dissimilarities, we can say that they are all virtually the same as the world interpret the structure of polysyllabic phenomena.
structure of world philosophy includes such important components as knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and ideals by which man expresses his attitude to surrounding reality and creates its own position in this world.
structure of the world as its most important elements include:
- system of information and knowledge;
- views, attitudes and evaluation criteria of the world;
- attitudes and beliefs that predetermine human behavior motives;
- human ideals - images predetermining human development and movement as active, transforming the world of the subject.
But the structure of the world is not exhausted, as all of the above elements can be classified into objective (this should include knowledge) and subjective (mostly attitudes, beliefs and ideals).
All components of the ideological structures have a well-defined functionality.
knowledge are processed in a certain way the system of scientific information that help people make sense of the world around him and the phenomenon occurring in it.This component can be observed and it is quite certain discrepancies that are objective and sufficiently explainable character.For example, people may have a comparable intellectual potential, but it is completely different with their worldviews.
structure of the world, which is composed of people's views, involves consideration of both judgments, that, in contrast to the knowledge, express a subjective conclusion about the reality of the individual.For example, representatives of the scientific and religious worldviews quite differently considering the origin of man.
knowledge, as well as views, not necessarily serve as a motivating factor behavior.More important, from the point of view of the issue, are beliefs.Formed on the basis of any ideas, beliefs reflect a synthesis of objective knowledge and aspirations, fixing social position in society and its activities.
structure of the world as its organic element provides for the presence of ideals.In the simplest sense, the ideal - it is a way in which sealed anticipates perfect, something that a person has formed a persistent desire and high (in terms of the criteria) attitude.As a rule, they embodied the best examples of human thought and behavior.
Thus, the world - is a systemic unity of its constituent components.The relationships between these components over time may change, and if any one of them may become dominant not only at the level of individual consciousness, but social.