Thinking outside the box today - the most important mechanism for the development of each person.In this regard, the main task appears to provide conditions for the formation of the students of their individuality.
search of innovative ways to time-consuming, it requires from the teacher as the amount of time and work.However, the level of development achieved by the students - the main award for the teacher.It may be of interest to instilling a specific subject, an adequate assessment of students their limits, reducing the psychological stress experienced by the classroom, improving the quality of knowledge, the establishment of the special trust relationship student and teacher.All of the above is achieved by means of case technology.
Case technology in education: general characteristics
The basis of the name of the method is the Latin term "incident".It translates to an unusual, complicated case.According to another version, the name derived from the English case - briefcase, suitcase.Case Technology in Education - a number of specific case studies, which are designed on the basis of factual data for further analysis in the framework of the training sessions.In considering these situations, students learn teamwork, learn to analyze, to make operational management decisions.
The main feature of the learning process acts as precedents in other words, real life situations that have occurred in the past.
Existing designations considered technology
example, in foreign publications found following the method name:
- business stories;
- study the situation;
- method of cases.
Our publications referred to the reporting method as follows:
- game (case study);
- case method;
- business situations;
- case studies (for the first time introduced the concept of American researchers J. Wilson, George. Atkinson in 2001).
Case Technology in Education: what is it?
Its essence lies in the organization of the learning process through the use of descriptions of specific situations.Case technology in education involves students understanding of real life situations, the disclosure of which reflects a particular practical problem, and updates the appropriate set of knowledge required for learning in the resolution of problems.The very same problem has no definitive solutions.In the case of action or appear in the description, which subsequently need to reflect on (the effectiveness of the consequences), or they are offered as a way to solve problems.However, whatever the outcome of a particular model of development of practical action is always presented as an effective means of formation of professional qualities of students.
Case technology in education - a tool that allows you to apply the existing theoretical knowledge to solve practical problems.This method makes it possible to develop students' independent thinking, the ability to listen, and in the future to consider alternative views and voice their arguments.Through case-technology students have the opportunity to both demonstrate and improve their estimates, analytical skills, and learn teamwork and finding rational solutions to existing problems.
What makes this method?
as an interactive method, case-technology in education is mostly positive emotions from the students, providing them the opportunity to develop theoretical knowledge and practical skills mastery.It has an impact on the professionalization of students, promoting their maturation, the formation of interest, positive motivation to learn.At the same time Case Technology in Education (definition was presented earlier) and acts as the mentality of the teacher.You could say this is his specific paradigm that allows you to think and act differently, renew their existing creative potential.
Requirements to be met by a good case
Case technology in education - an example taken from a real business, it is an information process, giving the opportunity to reflect on the situation.It is considered that the case is obliged to meet certain requirements:
- comply with an explicit goal of creating;
- illustrate several aspects of economic life is;
- be relevant;
- promote analytical thinking;
- have a different variation of the solution;
- have the appropriate level of difficulty;
- not rapidly become obsolete;
- show typical situations;
- lead to discussion.
essence of learning through this method is to provide each student their options on the basis of the available knowledge and experience, intuition.For example, someone thinks a change of marital status CEO minor detail, the other, guided by their experience, deems this fact decisive.
The features of the method
known that there are six:
- collective elaboration of rational decisions.
- Having a single target.
- managed presence of emotional stress students.
- presence model is the socio-economic system, whose state is considered in some discrete time period.
- multiplicity of solutions (in principle there is no single solution).
- presence of a collective evaluation activities.
Technological features of the method
They are six:
- Case technology in higher education - is a specific kind of research techniques (analytical).
- considered method acts as a collective learning technology, it is essential parts of group work and the mutual exchange of information.
- It can be viewed as a synergistic technology, whose essence advocates training procedures immersion of the entire group in a particular situation, multiplying the effects of the formation of knowledge, sharing discoveries insaytnogo illumination and so on.
- Case Technology in Education (English version of the name of the method mentioned above) integrates a number of technologies of developing training, including procedures for the group, collective, individual development and the formation of all-round personal qualities of students.
- It acts as a specific variety of design techniques.In contrast to its simple form, as part of this method is the formation of the problem, along with the ways of its decision on the basis of the case, both the speaker and the terms of reference and source of information for the purpose of understanding the most effective alternatives for action.
- This method concentrates the significant achievements of this technology as "the creation of success."It includes activities aimed at enhancing the students, emphasizing their achievements, promote the success of students.Directly success - one of the dominant forces of the method, as well as the formation of a stable positive motivation, increasing cognitive activity.
considered technology as part of an elementary school
Case technology in education (in elementary school, for example) - a generic name of educational technology, which is a method for the analysis of the situation.It involves substantial individualization of the whole educational process on the basis of an active position on the part of students within education.
Thus, the principle of technology consists in drawing up an individual plan at the beginning of learning, providing each student of the case, which contains a package of regulations, educational maps, recommendations on the dissemination of educational material, as well as control issues, Self-Tests, creative, practical tasks.During the study of the material the student may request the advice of the teacher.
developed the so-called quests (tasks game form) in order to maximize the integration of the Internet in various academic subjects.They cover separately taken the problem, topic, school subject.The result of their work - preparation of primary school pupils presentations.
They may be in the form of:
- retelling - demonstrate awareness of topics studied on the basis of submissions collected from all sorts of sources, in a different form: the story, presentation, poster;
- planning, design - development of the project or plan on the basis of specified conditions;
- creative task - creative work of a particular genre movie, a poem;
- Rated - justify a particular point of view;
- different studies - the study of all sorts of phenomena, facts, discoveries based on the unique online sources.
Development of speech etiquette preschool children by means of the method
worth recalling that the speech etiquette - a set of rules of verbal behavior, which defines the relationship of speakers, based on the situation of communication.It includes: an appeal, greeting, acquaintance, to attract attention, request an invitation, rejection, acceptance, complaint, apology, sympathy, congratulations, disapproval, gratitude, forgiveness and so on.
formation of his skills serves an integral part of the overall work on the development of children's speech.MLA - enrichment of speech words, the structures that are needed in everyday life.The introduction of a number of preschool children to speech etiquette words and enriches the active vocabulary, and brings attention to the use of these forms, expressions, helps choose appropriate linguistic means in a particular situation.
Case technology in preschool education allows to generate all three major components of speech etiquette:
- Mastering different version of the formula.
- more detailed their "deployment".
- Support formulas benevolent intonation, facial expressions friendly.
Case situation - a case in which describes the specific situation, the problem is formulated, it is suggested to find a way to solve it.Preschoolers after consulting with the problem on their own analysis of the situation is carried out, then the problem is diagnosed, give voice to ideas, solutions in the course of communication with peers.
methods Case technology
- method incidents (an independent search of information, its collection, classification, analysis);
- game design (the process of creating or improving the project: research, search, creative, analytical and forecasting);
- method of analysis of business correspondence (work documents, papers that apply to a specific organization, a problem situation);
- situational role-playing game (creating a true dramatization of historical, legal, social and psychological situation, followed by evaluation of actions, behavior of participants);
- case studies (analysis of the situation of the group, the development of different variants of problems, search of practical solutions, evaluation of the proposed algorithms, the choice of the best);
- method of discussion (exchange of views in accordance with the rules).