How to make sushi at home: the ingredients for sushi, variety and step by step instructions

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inhabitants of our country long ago fell in love with Japanese cuisine of great taste, which is the result of an unusual combination of ingredients.Today, all the exotic ingredients can be purchased at any supermarket, and detailed instructions will tell you how to make homemade sushi and rolls that will not concede on quality restaurant.

main varieties

offer to find out what are the main varieties of this dish.

Nigiri - rice is short pieces, over which is superimposed a thin piece of fish or shrimp.Served with soy sauce, ginger and wasabi.

Poppies got its name in honor of a bamboo mat Macy's, which is used for curling.Otherwise, they are called rolls.They consist of rice and toppings can be thin (the number of ingredients in the stuffing - not more than two) and thick.The most popular varieties: "California," "Caesar," "Philadelphia".Sushi rice twisted outward, called "uramaki".

Chirashi not similar in appearance to the other, they are most common in Japan.Rice is served separately from other products, including seaweed and finely chop.

Oshi sushi prepared by a special press.At the bottom of the container laid out the fish and other components, then rice.Top mounted oppression.After some time the ingredients are removed from the container and cut.

Major and minor components

main ingredients for sushi - nori seaweed and rice.Soy sauce and pickled ginger served with sushi and give them a delicious taste.Wasabi - Japanese horseradish, mustard analogue.Seasoning can be bought ready-made or make yourself from a powder to be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 2.Rice vinegar is added to the cooked rice, but can do without it.

To prepare the rolls you can use almost any raw or smoked fish: salmon, mackerel, eel, tuna, and shrimp and crab sticks.The stuffing is sometimes added to an omelet, cucumber, cream cheese, avocado, onion, lemon.Rolls are prepared with sesame seeds inside or flying fish roe.The Gunkan-sushi often added red caviar.If you have a fear attitude to seafood, fillings for rolls can serve chicken or pork.

Homemade sushi: recipes with photos, step by step instructions

Japanese cuisine is not so difficult to prepare, as it seems at first glance.All your favorite sushi and rolls can be done at home, while spending no more than two hours.Our detailed instructions will help you with this.

  1. Thoroughly rinse rice as long as the water is clear.Boil it and drain the liquid.Fill a small amount of rice cereal vinegar, cool.The remaining ingredients sushi can be arbitrary.
  2. dry seaweed nori put on a bamboo mat and spread over the surface of the rice, slightly deviating from each edge.
  3. next point is the most critical, because the amount of filling will depend on the taste of sushi.Will be enough to not more than three ingredients, which are stacked on top of Fig.
  4. Finely chop the red onion shallots and lay it thin horizontal stripe.
  5. seafood can choose red fish, shrimp or crab sticks.
  6. Next lay chopped avocado.
  7. So you get three layer products.
  8. Screw seaweed with rice, fish and vegetables with the help of a bamboo mat.
  9. rolls ready!Slice them and serve with pickled ginger, soy sauce and wasabi.To eat, they should be wooden sticks.

What should be the sushi rice?

life of the people of Southeast Asia is unthinkable without this cereal.Noodles made from rice, tortillas, and, most importantly, it is the main ingredient for the preparation of rolls.Properly selected varieties of cereals - the key to delicious food, so when you buy you should consult with the seller, and it is better to buy the ingredients for sushi in Japanese stores.

Rice should have rounded ends and being small.Long rice, which is often used for cooking pilaf or risotto, is not suitable because it is very dry and holds a large amount of moisture.The best varieties are Nishiki, Kahomai, Maruyu, Kokuho, Minori.The washing process is time consuming rice.Pour into a deep glass bowl one or two cups of cereal, cover with cold water.In order to separate the rice from the debris, you must repeatedly wash his hands.To all the starch out, and the water became completely transparent, the procedure must be repeated about a dozen times.The washed-dried rice and put in a saucepan.Number of grains and water should be the same.Fig will be ready as soon as its surface does not stay liquid, so it is necessary to boil on a high flame.Then remove the pan from the heat and allow to stand for half an hour in the rump.

most popular rolls

best of its kind found "California", "Alaska", "Canada", "Philadelphia".Sushi named after the settlements in the Americas.They are usually attributed to the category Uramaki because seaweed is inside.

Filling "California" is made of crab meat, avocado, mayonnaise.Top figure covered with red tobiko caviar.At the request of the ingredients for sushi can be replaced instead of avocado cucumber can be used, and instead of crab meat - crab sticks

for "Canada" need to smoked eel, salted salmon or trout, cream cheese, cucumber.On top of the rice put small strips of smoked eel, sprinkled with a handful of sesame seeds.

"Alaska" is preparing with cream cheese, crab meat, avocado, cucumber.Top toasted sesame rice is covered.

Classic roll "Philadelphia" is made from salmon or trout, cream cheese, cucumber.On top of rice laid out flying fish roe.

Secrets of cooking delicious sushi and rolls

height of the rice layer should not exceed 7 mm, otherwise the rolls fall apart in the process of eating and will look too bulky.

the technique of cutting the fish depends on the taste of sushi, so the knife must be very sharp.Select fillets without skin and bones.In no case do not buy frozen fish, otherwise the flavor will be spoiled.

before cutting thin and sharp knife dip into acetic water - so the ingredients for sushi rolls and not get stuck in it.

Figure acquires taste due to the special filling, which is made from rice vinegar, a pinch of sugar and salt.Ready sauce can be a little heated.

Kikkoman sauce is the best in all respects.It is transparent and has a light reddish-brown color, is made from water, soybeans, wheat and salt.By the way, it can be used not only sushi and rolls, but also pizza, burgers and Japanese soups.