often a good harvest of vegetables does not mean getting a big profit, as the final stage of the cultivation of these crops - cleaning, contains a lot of difficulties.Cleaning should be done as soon as possible, under optimal weather conditions and with minimal losses and damage to products.
Traditionally, harvesting vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, eggplant, peppers and melons: watermelon and cantaloupe intended to be sold fresh, is carried out manually with the involvement of a large number of the workforce.
manual labor in this operation quite heavy and not very productive, in addition, the crop is often damaged when overloaded in a trailer or container.The cost of labor utilization is also important, because of its increasing from year to year.Sometimes the very possibility of attracting labor is a limiting factor in solving these problems.
In this situation, the only possible way out is the mechanization of harvesting vegetables.Here, there are two solutions: the use of harvesting machines or for cleaning and cleaning conveyors.
first method of harvesting has the following disadvantages: the high cost of such equipment and are often unsuitable for cleaning vegetables for implementation in the fresh form due to injuries, and the inability to selectively harvest ripe fruit, as these machines are cleaned vsploshnuyu while all production from the field.
second method - the use of harvesting conveyors perfectly solves these problems: minimal damage output, high performance and the possibility of selective harvesting, as the workers themselves determine which fruit should be clean.
design of conveyor systems for the cleaning of a side conveyor belt with a rubber blade, a frame which is hung on a tractor and a central belt for transporting the product in the trailer.As additional options provided for sorting platforms, ribbons, or table.
principle of operation is as follows: a tractor with a trailer and harvesting conveyor for harvested vegetables slowly moving across the field, and behind it are the workers, whose task is selection of ripe fruit, their truncation and shifting to the side conveyor belt.After that, production is automatically moved to the central belt or sorting table and on to the trailer, box containers or boxes.
With this method of harvesting minimal damage to vegetables, as they move in a special rubber conveyor belt and in the end accepted manually by the operator in the trailer.Furthermore, the belt speed can be adjusted.
Cleaning conveyors make it much easier and the labor of workers, improving its productivity, employed for cutting production.They no longer need to load the vegetables in buckets or bags, and manually move the trailer or container.
Cleaning conveyors have a folding frame that allows you to transfer them to the transport position, considerably reducing overall dimensions.This is important during transport of the equipment along the roads, if the fields are located at a considerable distance from each other.
modular design allows the user to order a transporter for virtually any requirement at harvest certain types of vegetables.Furthermore, additional options enable primary podrabotku product sorting and packing.
for aggregation of the equipment required wheeled tractor with rear three-point linkage, hydraulic and electrical systems.