Intercontinental missiles have become a serious stabilizing factor in the most critical moments of the Cold War.Their acceptance into service in the early fifties, excluded the possibility of unchecked nuclear bombing of cities and the Soviet military-industrial centers of the US aircraft.
atomic bomb from the Soviet Union already had, but there was a serious problem with its delivery to the target.Copied to Tupolev B-29 does not have the potential to impact, which differ even some five years ago, and in the US produced new model of strategic bombers: the B-47, B-50 ... It was necessary to urgently equalize the balance of power.And here at "Uncle Joe" Stalin's so-called Western leaders appeared as out of the sleeve, the new ace - a ballistic missile.
Is it so suddenly?No, certainly not by chance, but thanks to the hard work of the Bureau under the supervision of SPQueen.Of course, it was taken into account many achievements of German scientists and engineers involved, and quite successfully, the production of rocket technology during the war.Note, however, that the Americans, too, these materials were not enough, the very general designer Wernher von Braun lived in the United States.It did not help, the first long-range ballistic missile was made in the USSR.
range P1 was modest - only 270 kilometers, but the main obstacle has been overcome, and that after her at the Dnepropetrovsk "Pivdenmash", then a plant with no speaker number 586, was deployed mass production of P1 and P2.
first satellite and astronaut were launched into orbit a carrier based on - P7 intercontinental ballistic missile that can overcome the nine and a half kilometers to the target and to deliver a nuclear weapon.
Then began the arms race, which has already made a difference not only to the possible range and the weight of the charge, and did not even TNT equivalent and the ability to strike with impunity or with minimal losses.Ballistic missile becomes perfect, it extends the capabilities of its deployment, mobility and number of shared parts of the warhead.
As the technical and technological capabilities, as the tasks unhindered approaching the target and intercept mutually become more complex, there were early warning system for missile, causing the first massive strike becomes problematic.Both sides have developed strategic missiles, providing guaranteed retaliation even if the complete destruction of the control system, and the sheer number of nuclear ammunition allows multiple destroy all life on the planet.
Today, when the Cold War is over, the problem of security in the country remains critical, as a ballistic missile, alas, still necessary.Modern history demonstrates that countries with large natural resources, are unable to defend themselves, destined to a sad fate.Russia continues to improve and strengthen its nuclear shield.
usual ballistic missile flies at a given parabolic trajectory, so it is possible to calculate the path with high probability, and therefore, there is a possibility the destruction of the media on the approach to the target."Topol M" does not give a probable enemy to hope for success, it is able to pass through a missile defense system in flight maneuver that can not be foreseen, and then goes to the new combat course.