great difficulty causes primary school children the ability to distinguish between soft and hard consonants.Obviously, they do not need to memorize and learn to listen.And for that you need to tell the child how it obtained the data sounds - it will greatly facilitate his understanding.
always soft and hard consonants always
Not all consonants in our language there are hard and soft.First you need to get your child to remember those who are only solid: M, W, L, and always soft: W, w, J. This can be, for example, to do a plaque, which is always hard consonants areThey painted over the blue bricks, but always soft - on green cushions (color selection based on how the data represent sounds in the lower grades).
If the child will constantly see this picture, you insert it in the workbook or hang over the desk, he quickly remember these consonants.
as vowels "command" according
Then you explain to your child that the rest of the consonants can be both soft and hard.But it will help to prompt adjacent letters.If after our other consonant is a consonant, our - solid.For example:
vowel sounds the same "team" according to standing in front of what it to be.If this is the vowels: A, O, U, E, N, then in front of them only hard consonants.And if it is: And, E, S, I, E, that - soft.In the softness of the previous consonant indicates also the soft sign.
To a child is easier to remember, try to play with him.Ask him to make the outside of the index finger to the sky and say syllables at a time where there are hard and soft consonants.For example: TA - TN, ON - AE.The child, because of this, will be able to remember exactly how to get a consonant.He realizes that the formation of a soft consonant language as it moves forward, his back slightly raised to the sky.But when the hard consonants are pronounced, it does not.
ball throw the baby naming style with hard consonants, and he'll let the ball already saying it with a soft.For example: LA - LA, LO - Le, Ly - DO, etc.
In school pupils are encouraged to provide hard and soft consonants using blue and green.Blue - Solid and green - soft.Cut out several squares of red, blue and green color and offer to make a mosaic of the word.Vowel sounds the child spit out red, hard consonants, respectively, blue and soft - green.Take for this little word of one or two syllables: fish, elephant, branch, chalk etc.
Play the "chain of words."You say the word, syllable ending in a hard or soft consonants, and the child is the following word begins with this syllable.Do not forget to define aloud, a consonant, hard or soft was the syllable: winds - fish - bagels - movie and so on. D.
If you methodically explain to your child the difference between hard and soft consonants, it will help him easier to navigatein the future, the study of the many features of the spelling of the Russian language.Good luck to you!