Familiarity with fire regulations (PB) - one of the main elements of a common safety culture.Training people in the BOP allows us to hope that the lower the number of fires that occur due to disorderly relationships of individuals to the rules of the PB, careless handling of fire, neglect installation regulations, the use of electrical equipment and appliances.
purpose and task of teaching in the field of fire safety
Introduction of staff and the heads of various institutions PB carried out in order to improve the level of fire culture that is beneficial to stabilize the situation in the PB as in the workplace, and at home.
Missions of this kind of training, in an effort to appear:
- give people more knowledge in the field of PB;
- the skills and ability to act in the event of an uncontrolled fire;
- develop skills that will help save lives, health and property in case of fire.
fire drill: introductory
fire drill (as well as fire-technical minimum) - is a way to inform employees of various facilities requirements for the IB, which gives them the opportunity to explore the fire danger of technological processes in the production, learn about the means of fire protection and necessarythe actions required in the event of an uncontrolled fire.
Introductory fire drill should be carried out:
- with workers who had just taken a job, regardless of their education, work experience in the office or profession;
- with workers, adopted on an interim basis;
- to business travelers;
- with trainees, who arrived on an industrial practice.
primary fire drill
primary fire drill at the workplace should be carried out:
- with all new employees;
- with employees transferred to another division of the same organization;
- with workers embarking on new and unfamiliar to their duties;
- with employees working on a temporary basis;
- with builders, who perform construction and mounting works on the territory of the type of institution.
may instruct the person responsible for maintenance of the BOP in the unit.
This type of instruction is carried out on an individual basis with a practical demonstration of action to prevent and extinguish fires.Coaching can be a group if the group of persons served by the same type equipment for general manufacturing site.
Repeated fire drill
This briefing shall be held among all the people involved in the work of the organization, without exception, regardless of qualifications, education, experience, the nature of the work performed.A review is carried out every six months.In the course of the inspection are tested knowledge of the rules and regulations of the PB.
Instruction fire: unscheduled
need for such briefings arises:
- when introducing new or modify the old rules and norms of PB;
- when changes occur in the process of production, in the case of replacement or modernization of equipment, raw material and other circumstances affecting the fire condition of production;
- was seen when a violation of the requirements of the BOP employees, causing or could cause a fire;
- where information on the risk of fire, accidents or incidents at these sites;
- when it was established that poor knowledge of the employees and the requirements of the BOP measures.
What will the contents of this instruction, to what extent, is determined by the reason that led to the need for its implementation.
What is the fire-technical minimum
fire-technical minimum is the process of examination of managers and employees of a facility BOP measures to improve the level of fire-prevention culture among the working population, the acquisition of skills and techniques for extinguishing fires, save lives, property and health.
organizing training, focus should be on contingent instruktiruemyh.For example, fire-technical minimum for the leaders and the people responsible for HSE should pay particular attention to their personal responsibility for compliance with the rules and norms of the PB, fire hazard specific objects.
Courses fire-technical minimum for workers with different specialization should focus on professional orientation with a practical component where checked or acquired skills to use the primary means to extinguish the fire, learn the rules of behavior in fire in specific situations, practiced action at evacuation facilityThe cause of fire.There are no difficulties in presenting the material should not be.
Test your knowledge of fire-technical minimum is to monitor the correctness of the steps taken in the event of fire.
process of learning a minimum of PB carried out of work based training educational institutions of fire-technical profile, training centers and local branches of the Russian Emergencies Ministry and other legal entities and individuals who have a license to conduct this training.
Educators, teachers and officials who carry out within its mandate education on PB, pre must undergo such training on the basis of specialized educational institutions and to receive a certificate confirming their knowledge.
Fire Safety Education: frequency of
person selected and appointed head of the company, has the right to teach fire-technical minimum.Frequency of training for employees and managers of organizations that do not have to deal with explosive materials in the production, is 3 years.If the company is due to explosion or fire-hazardous production, the training of fire-technical minimum should be carried out once a year, at least.These courses will help knowledge workers in an emergency to warn fire or eliminate its cause.
Test your knowledge of how and by whom
special commission checks fire-technical minimum.Order of the head of the object coordinates and approves the composition of the committee, which should include a minimum of 3 persons.Its members may include directors, chief experts and people responsible for fire safety at the facility may also invite representatives of the state fire supervision.
Test your knowledge of fire-technical minimum should be conducted in accordance with previously established and agreed by the head of schedule.Inspects a person should be familiar with it beforehand.It should include a check of theoretical and practical knowledge.
Quiz to test knowledge among employees of federal authorities, given the specificity of industrial activity, compiled by ministries and departments.Leaders of other facilities and organizations or persons responsible for SDS in the institution can be self-test questions.But then they have to be agreed with the territorial bodies of the state fire supervision.Also, heads of enterprises can independently conduct nachitka course and create a list of employees-trainees.
check can be carried out by means of tests or software.
results and the very passage of fire-technical minimum recorded in the minutes, which shall be certified by the chairman and members of the commission.
People who are not authenticated because of poor knowledge of the preparation, must be within the next month to carry out a check and training.
Employees who pass the fire-technical minimum, receive a certificate signed by the chairman and members of the commission with the seal of the institution that issued the certificate, and the date of the next inspection, indicating the qualification.
Specialized training programs for fire safety
Develop training programs are legal and physical persons.Training programs to be approved by the federal executive power heads of organizations after they established procedure agreed with the chief state inspector of the Russian Federation on the BOP.
Training programs for other facilities are approved by the state fire supervision to which the object belongs geographically, taking into account all the guidelines.
Who must be trained in PTM
compulsory courses must be:
- For heads of objects associated with hazardous areas.
- for staff responsible for fire safety at different sites.
- teachers working in pre-school and school educational institutions.
- For employees, around the clock protection of objects.
- For citizens who are actively involved in the prevention of fires.
- For employees often attracted to the explosion and fire hazard.
fire-technical minimum, and appropriate training aimed at his passing, gives hope that the number of fires in the workplace and at home because of the negligent attitude with fire will be reduced every year.