There are few countries in the world, where the main official language is English.This happened for a number of several reasons: in some lands originated itself adverb (UK), in others it has been brought by settlers (USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand).In some of them entered the language with the colonialists and the remaining state, as these powers are still under the influence of Great Britain or the United States (the Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Guyana, Jamaica).There are also English-speaking countries, where the local dialect is almost extinct in the years and centuries of occupation, most people do not remember how to say ancestors (Ireland).
territory of some states inhabited by different peoples, representatives of which simply do not understand each other without the presence of a single, common to all dialects.Therefore, these English-speaking countries such as India and Singapore have made the British it official on par with Hindi (India), or Tamil, Malay and Chinese (in Singapore), but outside of the above countries language originating from the British Isles, it is gaining in popularity.Agree, in today's world, more or less educated person would have to know English.
can arbitrarily wonder why "universal" Esperanto is a fiasco, and young people from different countries, hoping to make a career, bison "Inglish".Perhaps it was the skillful policy of British colonization.Whereas France, Belgium, Holland and Germany conquered countries in Africa, but the influx of population from the monopoly there was minimal, Britain tried to repopulate its territory conquered by settlers.English-speaking countries of the Americas - the United States and Canada as well as Australia and New Zealand just pushed the indigenous population on margines - together with their dialects and dialects.
interesting situation with Ireland and Malta.These English-speaking countries of Europe have a fairly sophisticated local dialects.Gaelic is gradually replacing the "green island", especially after the famine, when most of its carriers - the villagers - have died.Now Dublin is a multi-year program for the revival of the native language, but the official language is English.
Maltese, is a complex mixture of Semitic, Arabic, Occitan and Italian, has long been the language of oral communication, and only at the beginning of the XIX century it appeared literary works."Scientists" speech was to 1800, the Italian (where the island owned by the Knights ioanity), and after that date, when Britain seized power, English.In 1920 the residents through a referendum to decide what an adverb leave as the second official (after Malta).The election took place not in favor of the Italian, and thus proved to be adopted by Malta in English-speaking countries.
Why adverb rather small island - Britain - to conquer the planet?Experts believe that the technological revolution began in the United States.There, on undeveloped land, immigrants flocked from all of the Old World.They were enterprising people who are not afraid to take a chance.They were creative, think outside the box.European bureaucracy and feudal survivals did not bind his hands so new entrepreneurs in Europe.And since the majority of the population were from the UK, took a motley tide of emigrants US and Canada we have kept the former historic homeland.Now the two English-speaking countries are the leaders of highly scientific technology.