Second World War for our country still remains the most tragic and a great event in our history.The memory of those killed in these years, immortalized in a variety of monuments that are located in all cities of Russia.A lot during the war were buried unidentified soldiers.To honor their feat in such graves set cenotaph.There is a memorial in Moscow - in the Alexander Garden near the Kremlin wall.
value of such monuments
Worldwide monument to those killed in the war set for people to remember what the soldiers gave their lives.The graves of soldiers are often anonymous, and before them did not come to honor their memory.But after one of the bloodiest wars - World - formed tradition to perpetuate the memory of these soldiers in the monuments.Usually they are set at the burial site.So descendants express their gratitude and respect for the soldiers who died in battle.The first monument to the Unknown Soldier was erected in Paris in November 1920.Something similar has been created in Russia at the same time, though, this memorial symbolizes the memory of the heroes who died for the revolution.
history of the monument to the unknown soldier
scale in the Soviet Union to celebrate the victory in the Great Patriotic War began only in 1965.At this time, our capital, like many other cities, was given the status of a hero town, and 9 May has become a national holiday.On the eve of the anniversary of the great battle for Moscow in the government of the country think about how to create a monument that could immortalize the feat of the city defenders.It was to be a memorial to national significance.So staying on to erect a monument to the unknown soldier.
Moscow for this was the perfect place, because in the battles for the city killed thousands of soldiers, and a lot of them were not identified.To create the monument announced a contest.The best project was recognized by the architect V. Klimov.He believed that such a monument should always be located in the park of a person to sit next to him and think.The best place for it was chosen near the Kremlin wall - a symbol of invincibility Russia.And in 1966, work began on the monument.Created its architects VAKlimov, DI Burdin and J. R. slave.To create the inscription on the monument attracted the most famous writers and poets.The best were recognized words Mikhalkov: "Your name is Unknown, your deed is immortal."The grand opening of the monument took place on the eve of Victory Day in 1967.In subsequent years, he has repeatedly been complemented with new elements and restored.And to this day cenotaph it remains a symbol of victory in the Great Patriotic War.
How was the burial ashes warrior
Before creating a memorial long thought someone buried in a tomb under the monument.After all, it must be the unidentified soldiers who died in the battle for Moscow.And in 1966, forty kilometers from the city, in Zelenograd, a mass grave was discovered.It chose a soldier, which has been well-preserved form.Experts assured that he was not a deserter, otherwise it would not have a belt.This warrior can not be captured, because in this place there was the Nazi occupation.December 2nd soldier shifted in the coffin, twined St. George ribbon.On the cover of a soldier's helmet put wartime.Up in the morning next to him stood a guard of honor young soldiers and war veterans.On the morning of December 3 on the Leningrad highway as part of the funeral procession the coffin was taken to Moscow.Before Alexander Garden coffin shifted on an artillery gun carriage.The whole process was accompanied by a guard of honor, next to the sound of a funeral march, war veterans were deployed and carried battle flags.
How the monument
After dumping the ashes of the Unknown Soldier - a month - he began to create the memorial.He looked at the time, not like now, then the composition was supplemented several times.First memorial is a granite slab with the words of Mikhalkov, a tombstone over the grave and a bronze star with Eternal Flame.Next to the monument made of granite wall on which immortalized the name of the hero-cities.Opening of the monument took place in a festive atmosphere: it was full of the national anthem and salute thundered.There was also lit the eternal flame that was brought to the Field of Mars in Leningrad.Memorial was supplemented in 1975 by a bronze composition - a soldier's helmet on banners unfurled.
What is the monument is now
youth of today can not even answer what this monument and what is its value.But the war still remains for most people the Great Patriotic War, and still cenotaph - a place of laying wreaths during the holidays, it is visited by foreign delegations.Around him there are always people who have come to honor the memory of the victims.Since 1997, the monument is located near the Post № 1. The soldiers of the Presidential Regiment replace each other every hour.In 2009, the reconstruction of the complex.At this time, the eternal flame was transferred to the Poklonnaya Hill, and after the opening of the renewed monument in 2010, it was brought back.During the restoration of the memorial stele ten-added, to perpetuate the memory of the cities of military glory.
Description of the monument to the unknown soldier memorial
located in Alexander Garden at the Kremlin wall.Each person comes to Moscow considers it his duty to visit the monument to the unknown soldier.Photos can be found in all the books devoted to the Great Patriotic War, in newspapers and on the Internet.Still, better to see it in reality.The composition is made of shiny red granite and black labradorite.On the tombstone is a bronze soldier's helmet lying on the banners unfurled.In the center square of mirror-polished black stone is a bronze star.Because it sees the Eternal Flame.To the right is a low 10 meter stele, which knocked out the names of the cities of military glory.And the memory of the City of Heroes immortalized on the granite alley of crimson quartzite.
This memorial is known throughout the world and is now one of the sights of Moscow.People come here not only in the Victory Day, but simply to honor the memory of the fallen and to pay tribute to the heroism of the defenders of the motherland.