One of grammatical relations in Russian - approval.Examples of such communication occur in the speech very often.Along with the management and junctions, negotiation is a part of its three main varieties.
Between what parts of speech communication is established coordination?
Nouns and other parts of speech, acting as a noun (pronouns, participles, adjectives, substantivized word), combined with full participles, serial and collective numerals, adjectives, pronouns (relative, possessive, demonstrative, attributive, negative and indeterminate) andnouns - consistent communication applications "harmonization".Examples: sad face, a singing actress, some excitement.
What expressed approval?
of the main and dependent words are in a sentence in the same way, number and case.Such a connection is called "coordination."Examples of exceptions are also found here.Such is the application when the dependent word can not be combined in a way (my mother-doctor).Thus, if at least some grammemes repeated and dependence, and the key word, it is - an agreement.
1. At the laughing girl's eyes were squinted slyly.
- were anyone? the girl - feminine noun, singular genitive, singular.
- The girl what? laughing - participle feminine singular genitive, singular.
2. Both handles have been baby bracelets.
- were the reasons? on the handles - a feminine noun, plural in the genitive case.
- on the handle How many? both - collective numerals feminine plural in the genitive case.
3. What a joy lit up her face!
- than light? joy - feminine noun, singular, in the instrumental case.
- Joy what? which - relative pronoun is feminine, singular, in the instrumental case.
The speech is very common negotiation.Sample phrases: from laughing girls (full communion with the noun), on both handles (collective numerals with the noun), what joy (relative pronoun with the noun), on the ninth floor (ordinal number with the noun), she is my (personal pronoun possessive pronoun), not waited for them (personal pronoun full communion).
Features combinations of cardinal numbers with nouns
It's a pretty interesting case.For cardinal numbers may act mainly short, if there are in nominative or accusative cases - there is a connection between "management".And in the oblique cases, they become dependent on words, agreeing with the noun in gender, number and case.Thus, using the same combinations can demonstrate two types of communication - "coordination", "management".Examples:
1. Seven hours later, Tatiana arrived at the place where a picnic was organized.
- Seven (the key word in the nominative case) what? hours (genitive) - Management.
2. Seven hours later Tatiana got to the place where a picnic was organized.
- What? clock (the main word in the plural in the instrumental case) how much? family (cardinal number in the plural in the instrumental case) - coordination.
difference in agreeing participles, adjectives and nouns substantivized
considering harmonization with examples, some very thoughtful people notice some peculiarities.Do not expressed spelling nonetheless parsing they play a role.Will help you understand these differences, where a correlation matching, examples:
1. Duty student, neat and trim, to report on the readiness of the group to employment.
- duty student - approval, where the main word "student" and dependent - "duty" - is an adjective.
2. Duty, neat and trim, to report on the readiness of the group to employment.
- «duty» in this case acts as a noun substantivized shaped adjective is the main word.Dependence on him the words would be "neat" and "tighten" that are consistent with it.
Three types of communication words in sentences
combination of words in the Russian language is subject to special rules.Please be aware that the main links in phrases are three: management, coordination, contiguity.Examples of these in the Russian language is widely used.It is thanks to them and words are combined into sentences.Will consider and analyze all three types of communication - management, coordination, contiguity - examples taken from one sentence: "Fluffy kitten with a striped tail orange ball of fun to play."
This type of grammatical relation presupposes the existence of the main word, which manages dependencies.Often it acts as the main verb, which requires a certain case forms of the noun.In this example, the verb "play" to the word "tangle" can ask the question "what?".This issue requires setting dependent noun in the ablative.Therefore, these words are related control.Even if we replace the noun "tangle" to others, such as "butterfly" or "ball", it will also be instrumental in the case.In the role of dependent words can act as numerals (both), pronouns (them), substantivized words (homeless).The key word, too, can be the most different parts of speech.For example: verbs, nouns (fingers what? hand), Communion (running for what? the waves), cardinal numbers in the nominative and accusative (two whom? person), adverbs (happily from what? the thought), adjectives (funny from what? of understanding).
This type of communication is not based on the grammatical meaning of the word dependent, but only on the lexical.Adjacent to the main unchangeable parts of speech, such as an adverb, infinitive, gerund, unchanging adjective or stand in a simple comparative form, inconsistent application (noun).In the example about the kitten is also used contiguity in the phrase "play fun" (played like? fun).
Reconciliation.Puns and jokes
also present this proposal connection approval.Examples: fluffy kitten with a striped tail, orange tangle.Here you can see the complete coordination of the principal and dependent words in gender, number and case.However, there are cases of incomplete harmonization.This occurs when the connection is between the nouns where the dependence is expressed by a noun and application of a different kind.For example, the wife of director, nurse administrator, and the like.An interesting case, when there is a play on words.Pun based on the fact that the form of masculine nouns in the accusative and genitive identical in pronunciation and spelling.Therefore, quite easily turn coordination in management, because of what changes the whole meaning of what was said.
- He could not love her husband, a physician.
Nouns "spouse" and "doctor" in the text of the agreement are linked, and both are in the accusative.
- He could not love her husband a doctor.
In this context, only the word "spouse" is in the accusative case.By asking the question "wife whom? physician "can be established that the dependent is in the genitive case, what is the required key word.Consequently, the connection is called control.By writing all the words are the same, only in the second case, no hyphen, which changes not only the grammatical category of dependent words, but also the meaning of what was said.
Russian language is very interesting and multifaceted.Subtle nuances of using words connections should be carefully studied and understood, in order not to get into a stupid situation.