Adjective: interesting spelling

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adjective - is perhaps the most interesting for the study of the speech.Judge for yourself.Designating a sign of the object, adjectives can be formed from nouns (house - houses) and verbs (to cook the potatoes - boiled potatoes).From the origin depends on the spelling of adjectives.For example, if an adjective derived from the noun, the suffixes -enn-, -onn- will be composed -nn- (straw, sewage, etc.).If the adjective derived from a verb, the suffix -en-, will be written with a single -n- (painted dishes, smoked ham).

Otherwise spelling -n-, -nn- subject to different rules.

Twice -nn- written adjectives

  • formed from the noun or other adjectives using suffixes -enn-, onn-.(Artificial names, banners, cranberry, a tall, burly).Two recent examples point to the adjective measure more characteristic than that from which it came (healthy - a hefty).
  • The words formed by adding the suffix -n- from nouns, whose base ends at H (length - long skit - an article).

sometimes difficult to understand what exactly was formed from an adjective, and how much you need to write -n- in its suffix.Often make the mistake in the word windy, trying to write it with double -n-.motivate it: the name is an adjective derived from the word "wind" using the suffix -enn-.

goes the reasoning is correct, but incorrectly identified the source word.It is an adjective (in Russian one is not one), formed from the ancient verb "wind", so, like any verbal adjective in its suffix is ​​only one -n-.

Despite the fact that the words mutton, seal, etc.formed from words ending in -n (sheep, seals), they will be only one -n- is believed that the basis for an unpronounceable added suffix J (by analogy with the words dog, wolf).Therefore, the rule says that the possessive (answering the question "Whose?" And denoting affiliation) adjectives are written with a -n-.

the one -n- also written adjectives with suffixes -invariant, -an-, -yan-: Hanging, sandy, nightingale.

causes difficulty spelling some other adjectives.

For example, there are two similar words: "oily" and "oil".The first means "soaked" and combined with the words porridge, pancake, etc.The second value is "made of" and "intended for."Example: if the bottle is designed to store oil, the writing should be "oil bottle", and if it is simply smeared with oil, you get "Pancake bottle."Through -ya- will be written phrases oil paint, oil cake, etc.

To properly write other words, too, we must distinguish their meaning.For example, the word serebrёnny, means "covered with silver", will write as above.The word silver (silver), subject to the general rule.

How not to get lost in the spelling?Just.We need to learn the rules, use a dictionary, or simply replace in speech and in writing by other compound words whose spelling is completely transparent.