Morphological analysis of the preposition "in", "to", "for", "to", "and"

How to make a morphological analysis excuse?The answer to this question you will find in this article.


Before you talk about how the morphological analysis excuse, you should understand that all this is a part of speech.

As is known, called the official pretext of the speech, expressing the dependence of pronouns, numerals and nouns from other words in sentences and phrases.Here is an example: out of the house, go on the road, go over the building to enter the apartment and so on.

plan parsing

Morphological analysis is necessary pretext to carry out according to the plan, which is as follows:

1. Identify the part of speech.

2. Identify the morphological characteristics, namely:

  • derived excuse or a non-derivative;
  • which has a bit of value;
  • composition
  • immutability.

3. The syntactic function.This section should indicate whether parsed excuse a member of the offer or not.

As you can see, the circuit analysis is quite simple.In order to properly apply it in practice, you should be familiar with all the features in more detail preposition.

Determine the part of speech

morphological analysis to make an excuse, should first figure out what part of speech it belongs.It's enough just to determine exactly how to word it is used in a sentence or phrase.

Here is an example: "In the forest, he spent three days."

Morphological analysis preposition "in" allows you to find out what it is used for communication of words related to noun (in the forest), and also has Instrumental.

Identifies morphological features

As mentioned above, to the morphological characteristics of prepositions are:

  • derivatives;
  • discharge;
  • composition;
  • immutability.

to correctly identify these signs, you should consider them in more detail.


In its origin everything prepositions are divided into two groups:

  1. Non-derivative.Unofficially, these excuses and sometimes referred to as primitives.They differ from the derivatives is that the formation they can not be correlated with any part of speech.Such prepositions are: a, k, for, s, u, o, and to, from, for etc. Incidentally, this type is complex prepositions, consisting of two parts: from beneath, because at-I hope and so forth.
  2. derivatives.The origin of such pretexts connected with other parts of speech:

is formed from adverbs: around, near, near, before, in, according, across.For example, the "stand near the building" - is a pretext, and "standing around" - a speech.

originated from nouns: of or within.For example, "during the stream" - a noun with a preposition, and "for a minute" - a pretext.

happened because gerunds - despite or because of.For example, "without looking at the other side" - a gerund, but "in spite of the joy" - is a pretext.

So, figure out how to implement morphological analysis the preposition "in" (in the sentence "In the forest, he spent three days") on the grounds.It is fairly easy to do, because this is not an excuse formed from any part of speech.Therefore, it is a non-derivative.


How do morphological analysis the preposition "on" and determine its rank?First we need to understand that all this is a sign.

On the value prepositions can be divided into the following ranks:

  1. Spatial.Such pretexts point to this or that place.These are: through, is on due about to have, near, in, in, near, in, near, at, among under from beneath along before, after, before,against the past, around, between, over, across, and so on. For example: on a hill behind the house, near the building, around the house, in the head of the corner, in front of the object, and so forth.
  2. time.Such excuses show at a time.They are: for up to, for, in, through, with, before and so on. For example: Friday, until the evening of Thursday, a month, three minutes before the wedding, during the week, and so forth.
  3. reasons.Such pretexts point to a particular cause.These include: due to, for, as a result, from, since, for, thanks, etc.For example: hunger, sickness, because of the disease, due to the death, thanks to the perseverance, due to ill health, etc..
  4. Target.Such pretexts point on the target.These include: order, for, for, on, on, and so forth. For example, for the sake of pleasure, for the night, looking for mushrooms, for the good of the state, mushrooms and so on.
  5. course of action.Such excuses suggest any course of action.They are: no, with, for, in and so on. For example, without the excitement, with enthusiasm, heart to heart, etc.
  6. more.Such pretexts point to this or that object, which is directed specific action.These include: on, on, at, about, about, from, and so forth. For example, about a father, a friend, about a guy about the girl, etc.

As you can see, the same excuses can relate to very different ranks.It is therefore necessary always to pay attention to context.

To make morphological analysis preposition "on" and determine its rank, you need to read a sentence or phrase, where it is used.

For example: "On the mountain stood tall and old tree."

In this case, the preposition refers to the spatial category, since it refers to a specific place (on the mountain).


pretext Morphological analysis and definition of all its attributes is fairly easy to implement.But this is only if you are aware of all the features of a service of the speech.

So take a closer look at what kinds of excuses are divided in their composition:

  1. Simple.Such prepositions consist of only one word and has only one root.For example, on, at, on, around, through and so forth.
  2. Components.Such excuses are made up of 2-or more words.For example, unlike in spite of, in the course, etc..
  3. Complex.These excuses have 2 root, between which a hyphen.For example, out of, because, in on and so forth.

Thus, making a morphological analysis of the preposition "in", which is used in the sentence "The sky flew many birds," it should be noted that this is a service and simplepart of speech, as it consists of only one word.


prepositions, however, like any other part of the official speeches, never change.In this regard, in writing morphological analysis of a need to write the words that it unchangeable.

syntactic function

As you know, excuses are not separate parts of the sentence.Although they are still included in their composition and highlights with independent words.

example of parsing an excuse (morphological)

To consolidate the material covered, we recommend the following practical exercise:

Make morphological analysis preposition "for" that is used in a sentence: "Behind the house is a large, but a dried-up tree."

  1. The proposal preposition "for" is necessary to link the phrase.It belongs to the noun (the house) and is used in the instrumental case.
  2. preposition "for" is a non-derivative, since it has no origin from any part of the speech.
  3. preposition "for" refers to the spatial category, as indicated in the specific location.
  4. preposition "for" is simple, as it consists of only one word.
  5. preposition "for" immutable.
  6. preposition "for" is not a member of the sentence.However, it is part of the circumstances (of the house), and stresses, respectively.