productive forces of society - this is the sum total of all means of production and the people who have the knowledge, skills and abilities in order to give effect to these funds for the production of the desired wealth.
Such a structure, consisting of people and means of production, is common to all socio-economic formations.The development of the productive forces depend directly on the person, because he is the decisive element in the structure of production.This is explained by the following factors:
- man creates all the elements of the productive forces, including the instruments of labor;
- labor alone is capable of turning tools and production materials in the factors of production.Even the most modern and sophisticated equipment without human becomes completely inactive and useless;
- human needs are the main force that drives economic and social progress of society.
Putting all these factors, you can make a confident conclusion that the person assigned to an active role in the labor process, and the means and objects of labor - passive.Thus, it is impossible to put capital, identified with the means of labor, one step leading to man.
Properties productive forces
1) complex structure
productive forces include all the means of labor, because they are used for productive use and create energy.All formations of the productive forces are the forces of nature and that man has learned to use - sun, wind.The most common natural forces act as sources of energy.
Under the current circumstances independent elements of the structure of the productive forces have also become a science, methods of production and information.
thus obvious conclusion is that the productive forces are quite complex system that includes a plurality of different elements.In composition, they are material and spiritual, the nature of reproduction - objective and subjective, on the specifics - social and natural.
2) Continuous development
Being in the endless process of development, the productive forces are constantly enriched and changed qualitatively and quantitatively.
In the early development of capitalism for workers was enough to have a low level of education and skills.But modern production requirements can be met only workers at least with specialized secondary education and a high level of qualification.And in some countries, such as Japan, the society put the practical problem of transition to universal higher education.
increasing complexity and automation of production demand from people not only high mental and physical abilities, but also creative, organizational and spiritual development.
3) The interaction of all elements of the structure
Since all the elements of productive forces constantly interact, they are in dialectical unity and mutual dependence.This gives rise to such forms of social interaction, such as cooperation, division of labor and so on. Between the individual elements of the productive forces there are contradictions that are resolved largely independently of the relations of production.
4) The internal laws of
Another property of the productive forces - is that they have internal laws of development.These include, for example, the law of the transfer of functions from the private to the material factors of production, the law of the objective of advancing growth of labor in the total structure of the labor of the living and the subject of labor law changes in growth and productivity, etc.All these laws are driven by internal contradictions, which cause a variety of changes in the development of the productive forces, as well as qualitative changes in their contents.
productive forces in their totality express the relationship between man and nature, as well as the transfer process is labor, which is common to all methods of production.Thus, a transformation of natural materials and substances according to the needs of man, created the spiritual and material goods, which directly determine the development of labor productivity.