device of any modern state can be likened to a spreading tree.From the main trunk depart the three branches of government, each of which carries a certain load, and together they provide the mechanisms of public administration.
the first time such a scheme was proposed by the English philosopher John Locke in the seventeenth century.This idea of division of power in the interconnected branches is a characteristic feature of the rule of law.The most fully developed, she received in the writings of the French philosopher Charles Louis Montesquieu, who formulated the concept of "three branches of government," with some changes extant.
first of these branches, the legislative, the exclusive right to make laws, it shall function through the representative body of power - the parliament, in which the people delegate representatives through elections.Legislative Assembly (one of the synonyms of parliament) is the sole authority in the state, which, after careful consideration at the parliamentary hearings takes these or other laws or amendments thereto.
Parliament thus represents the legislative branch of the state tree, in addition it regulates the financial sector, the Government approved the proposed budget, solves a lot of other issues relating to foreign and domestic policy of the country.
addition to the legislative, the three branches of government are divided into executive and judicial.
The organs of executive power, above all, is a government office headed by the Prime Minister.The Government ensures the implementation of laws and other legislative acts.In the regions it is carried out by local authorities or by elected local authorities.
addition to legislative and executive components, the design of the "three branches of government" includes the litigation.
It is characterized primarily justice - special state activity designed to resolve disputes in court.
judiciary should strictly enforce the law and the implementation of justice in accordance with the rules of criminal procedure and commercial law.This purpose is served, such as a judicial authority, the prosecutor's office.In addition, the judiciary, in particular the Constitutional Court, the function of supervision over the other two branches of government in accordance with the most important in the structure of a truly democratic state the principle of separation of powers.
three branches of government, as a distinct, not only need to interact and complement each other, but also by the so-called system of checks and balances reside within the legal framework.It serves the same purpose and the presidency - not only the president but also the guarantor of constitutional rights of citizens.The main activity in the President is to coordinate the effective operation of all three branches of government in the conduct of the main directions of state policy.