Verb as part of speech

verb called a great part of the speech, which denotes an action or state.The verb in Russian answers the question "what to do?", "What's doing?" And "what to do?".It should be noted that the concept of a condition or action relative: it can be both physical action or movement in space, and the activities of the senses or mental state.In addition, this part of the speech expresses the thought processes, the emergence of symptoms, identification of speech and so on.Despite the difference in lexical meanings, all these words are categorical value processuality.

verb as part of a speech rich in various grammatical categories and their inherent forms.In addition to the categories that are common to other parts of speech (the category of persons, the number and type), the verb has a category unique to it (type, mood, voice, time).

Morphological categories of parts of speech are different in composition form.For example, category and type of collateral are inherent in all verbal forms, and the other morphological categories are dealing only with certain forms.Category inclinations inherent in all conjugate verbs, but it is not peculiar to the infinitive, gerund and participle.Category time inherent forms only indicative mood, while the category of persons is peculiar also imperative forms.The number is common to all forms, except the infinitive form of primary and gerunds, and the genus in the singular - only the form of the subjunctive and the elapsed time and the sacrament.

verb as part of the speech divides all its forms in the two groups and conjugated nespryagaemye.In the academic grammar classes are three forms: conjugated forms, infinitive, participle and gerund.This conjugated forms are contrasted by the grammatical meaning of time, number, mood, face, kind of.

Changing verbs inclination and time (indicative mood of the verb), persons (indicative and imperative), the number of maternity called conjugation, and shapes that are formed at the same time - conjugated forms.

By nespryagaemym forms of verbs include infinitive, gerunds and participles, which differ from the conjugate verbs in that they have no inflectional grammatical meanings.However, at that time, as gerunds and infinitives presented only one form, the sacrament may be opposed by collateral and time, and to change the number and leave.

At the same time, and conjugated and nespryagaemye verb forms are combined into a single system forms, as they have common features, including the common lexical collateral pledge and types of education and management, as well as the possibility of a common dialect explained.

verb as a part of speech in a sentence usually expresses the predicate, however, syntactic function, which he expresses depends on its shape.Conjugated form of the verb is called predicative, as they are used as a simple or compound verbal predicate.Communion serve the sentence agreed definition, as well as a nominal part of a compound nominal predicate.Gerund express the circumstances or secondary predicate.Gerund and participle being a minor sentence, called attributive.

infinitive - the initial form of the verb - can be a member of any proposal: the subject and predicate, and a key member of the impersonal proposal and definition, and complement, and circumstance.Infinitive - a form of a base which forms almost all verbal forms.So, for example, formed from the stem of the infinitive past tense indicative mood, subjunctive verbs, participle active voice in the past tense, participles and gerunds passive voice.

verb as part of speech is very important in language, since it was he who forms the basis of any offer and it makes our coherent and meaningful.