ivory palm - one of the most attractive in the world of trees, got its name from an interesting similarity bottom of the barrel with the elephant foot.Possessing pinnatisected large leaves (about 5 meters in length), jubaea (scientific name it) is characterized by edible seeds and yellow-brown fruits, flattened at the base and pointed at the top.Its leaves are used as a covering material for the roof and trunk of a nutritious juice is extracted, which is the basis for the production of syrup with honey taste.
What is the ivory palm?
In connection with such special features yubeyu, native to Chile, is also called "palm honey."
such an interesting tree growth is slow, leaves many years can peek out of the ground.During the two-meter length of the barrel we can safely say that the age of a palm tree is at least 35-40 years.It was at this time the plant is entering a period of fruiting.During the period from April to September, the tree can be enriched by only 5-8 leaves, life expectancy with an average of 6 years.Adult jubaea capable of reaching a height of 25 meters.Fruits collected clusters weighing about 10 kg, are formed directly under the leaves.Of greatest interest is the fetus that resembles the shape of an egg, and containing from 4 to 9 seeds.
ivory palm seed cavity inside the fruit accumulation similar to coconut milk fluid which later hardens, turning into a sweet jelly.Then begins the process of solidification and transformation into a white solid - very strong and resembles ivory.Masters in contact with such material, even forced to leave their jobs for a number of shell, to show that this product is not prohibited.
This plant bone, perfectly amenable to polishing and is well absorbed paint, is the basis of all kinds of products.This jewelry, figurines, handles for umbrellas, chess pieces, piano keys, and other useful things, traditionally made from ivory.Buttons walking on the high-quality decoration of expensive clothes, also a derivative of palm fruits ivory, trade in which is produced in the early 20th century.It was from Ecuador to the middle of the last century were transported thousands of tons of this unique fruit tree;Trade was halted due to the emergence of low-cost plastic, replacing ivory palm fruit.In addition to the production of original products, fruit juice plant is boiled and fermented in a unique wine;these are the features of palms led to almost complete destruction of it: every tenth tree affected.
jubaea - decoration of any portion
jubaea - Palm, which got its name from the Moorish king Juba II, - are very popular all over the world and is found on every continent.Ivory palm - beautiful trees for landscaping;impressive, powerful, planted in a row, they give the impression of the colonnade.Monolithic massive appearance, ease of cultivation, high frost (up to -15 ° C), the exotic appearance - factors for which the ivory palm is respected in all corners of the planet.Jubaea Chilean heat-loving plants and is capable of withstanding elevated temperatures;most comfortable for her is + 28-35oS.
jubaea as a houseplant
ivory palm can be grown as a houseplant;Indoor prefers the bright side.In the summer container tree can be taken outside or to keep on the balcony, covering from direct sunlight.Watering should be moderate, with a significant reduction in the winter;an overabundance of moisture in the soil is not recommended, otherwise the tips of the leaves will become brown.Ivory palm is bad for horseback watering, otherwise it may start rotting in terms of growth.Yubeyu Chilean required regularly spray the leaves should be sprayed with water (soft and warm) on both sides.Fertilizing a tree in early spring and mid-summer fertilizer for palms.
ivory palm: particularly care
yubei transplant performed infrequently, once every five years, when it becomes apparent that the plant closely in his pot.Earthen room for the transplant, which is required with particular precision, is saved.
Propagated by ivory palm seeds, planting of which is produced in the soil consisting of sand and leaf ground in early spring.Seed germination is maintained for 3-4 months.Make sure the plant is required to ensure good drainage.
jubaea Chilean, exotic visitor, managed like pests.Most often it affects spider mites and Jose scale, which is required to deal with using insecticides.