No theory of the conflict is not absolute

conflict - a conflict that arises between people, when they decide certain questions of social or personal life.

word "conflict" is derived from the Latin, meaning "collision".Social conflict - a social phenomenon.

general theory of conflict

Conditionally distinguish two approaches to the definition:

  1. Focuses on urgent action.

  2. Focuses on the motives of action.

Adherents of the first approach can be attributed R. Mack, R. Snyder, which give a relatively narrow definition, considering the conflict only social interaction between its participants, have completely different views and values.This hostility, competition, rivalry, etc.considered by them as a source of conflict.

representative of the second approach is Ralf Dahrendorf, who strongly protested against such a narrow approach.He believes that the conflict should also include psychological states and various types of collision.

significant contribution received from the conflict theory of Karl Marx.He developed the doctrine of the conflict, as well as a model developed contradictions between the different classes in society.Karl Marx is considered one of the founders of the theory of conflict.

From dialectical doctrine leads to the following theses:

  1. The resources are unevenly distributed, the greater the tension between social groups.

  2. better subordinates are aware of their own interests, the more doubt creeps them over the distribution of resources.

  3. deeper gap between the dominant and subordinate social groups, the stronger will be the conflict.

  4. The violent conflict, the more there is a redistribution of resources.

There is a theory of conflict Georg Simmel, according to which the conflict in society is inevitable and can not be prevented.If Marx took as a basis for "domination - subordination" that Simmel - dissociation and association, presenting society as inseparable processes.The source of the conflict, he called not only a clash of interests, but also a manifestation of hostility within the person initially pledged.Simmel distinguishes love and hate as the strongest factors influencing the conflict.Because of his teachings can be distinguished theses:

  1. The more emotions in the community groups involved in the conflict, the greater will be the conflict.

  2. better grouped groups themselves, the conflict is acute.

  3. contradiction is stronger, the higher the cohesion of the participants.

  4. conflict occurs more acute in the case if the groups involved in a less isolated.

  5. conflict sharper if it becomes an end in itself, if you go beyond individual interests.

conflict theory Ralf Dahrendorf examines the confrontation in a small group, and in society at large, clearly separating the role and status.

Abstracts theory Dahrendorf:

  1. The more subgroups in the organization are aware of their own interests, the likelihood of conflict.

  2. The more rewards distributed authorities, the sharper the conflict.

  3. If mobility between subordinates and governing small, the sharper the conflict;

  4. increasing impoverishment of subordinates exacerbates conflict.

  5. smaller conclude an agreement between the conflicting parties, the confrontation violent.

  6. sharper contradiction, the more changes they cause, and the rate will be higher than they.

social conflict theory L. Coser is the most extensive.It follows that the social inequalities existing in any society, members of the public psychological discontent, tensions between individuals and groups - all of the above, as a result, goes to social conflict.A similar situation can be characterized as a state of stress between the true state of affairs, and in the meantime, as represented social groups or individuals.Social conflict - the struggle for values, status, possession of power, resources, in which opponents neutralize or destroy an opponent.

In the analysis of the theory of social conflict arise following conclusions:

  1. conflict - a conflict in different kinds of activities, and to overcome them.

  2. competition as a special kind of confrontation may be accompanied by conflict, or maybe not, but the forms of struggle used by the moral law.

  3. rivalry can flow easily, and can move into the conflict.

  4. competition - type of peaceful competition.

  5. Hostility as a willingness to confrontation, internal installation is not always present.

  6. crisis - the state of the system, but it is not always preceded by the conflict.

But no one theory of the above can not be called an absolute or universal.