problem of raw material orientation of the economy is one of the most important in the whole complex of problems of its restructuring.This is already evident that the system is ineffective, since, even in comparison with other commodity-dependent economies, Russia is on the 14th place in terms of oil production per capita among the 14 countries with the largest prey.In other words, the current system of investment not only allows you to increase the volume of production, use the unused amounts of human capital, but does not create the preconditions for a larger view.It is also one of the features of the Russian market of high-tech products, which does not allow to determine the optimal amount of industrial production in the whole country.
experts study was conducted, which aimed to identify the real volume of production in the sectors of innovation profile, innovation activity of enterprises in the high-tech market of the Russian Federation.Among other things, it was established that in the present conditions the high-tech companies operate in the six types of markets:
• foreign market low-tech products;
• domestic market low-tech products;
• foreign market of high-tech military products;
• the domestic market of high-tech military products;
• foreign markets high-tech civilian products;
• the domestic market of high-tech civilian products.
That domestic market of high-tech civilian products today is in a deep depression and the least promising due to structural distortions, the general decline of technical level of production, the use of basic technological chains.As a result - a small volume of production in dynamic proportions in relation to other industries.Ubiquitous examples of non-market competition, manifested in elements of protectionism on the one hand and the activities of unscrupulous contractors, on the other hand.In other words, at this stage of development of high technology unclaimed in the international markets will not be able to develop only at the expense of domestic demand.
One of the current trends in high-tech market of Russia today is the attraction of domestic companies to enter the international markets.This trend has developed not suddenly, but for quite natural reasons.A critical factor in their production capacity, competitive high-tech company, is time.Because the life cycle of innovative products is extremely small and is 3-5 years, it requires endless research and innovation.Its purpose should be the emergence of products and technologies with consumer properties, and the speed of development is important.This process is associated with large volumes of financial investments, the need for which pushes most successful high-tech companies in the international markets, astotal production in the economy, income received in the national markets are not able to fully ensure the sustainable development of high-tech companies.
Russia is not an exception to this general trend.Reducing government spending on science and technology, "brain drain", lowering the level of education, and other factors create prerequisites output of high-tech companies in the international markets for its customers.Moreover, according to experts, the main content of conservation science and technology capacity and increase export opportunities Russia can only be the development and further strengthening of the base of high technology.
Formation and development of high-tech market of the Russian Federation, as an essential process of transition to an innovation economy, associated with a number of conditions and consequences of this transition.Socio-economic transformation taking place in society as a result of the reforms will determine the transition to an innovation economy, as a major evolutionary step forward.Regulation of the emerging market of high technologies on the part of the executive and legislative branches of government has made a huge contribution to the creation of preconditions for further growth in this market.
To date, it is essential to understand and define the extent of participation in the process of the government, as the guarantor of the stability of the processes and the private sector (business, scientists, private investors, and many others).Increased competition in the national market with simultaneous access to international markets will allow the actively disseminate domestic technologies and expand the presence of domestic innovation.The capacity of the global high-tech market, makes optimistic estimate the chances of the Russian Federation to minimize the dependence of the new economic model of market fluctuations in the price of natural resources.