Text Styles in modern languages

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my article I would like to break a few, I think, necessary parts.Before proceeding to such an important and rather broad topic such as "text styles", I offer my readers still deal with the very concepts of "style" and "text."Then together we will try to understand what exactly should be guided by the principles, not to be mistaken with the definition of the desired style.And finally, I will elaborate more on the specific features of each.

So, the word "style" has Latin roots and once denoted simply by a thin stick, sharpened at one end and rounded at the opposite.We produced this tool made of bone, wood and rarely of metal, and was used as a stationery device designed to remove symbols (sharp end) and erasing written (blunt).As time went on and the word "style" more and more began to denote the quality of writing.

Under the text should understand basic communicative unit, voice work, which is the result of human activity.

Text Styles in the Russian language depends on the specific composition of the work (introduction, body and conclusion).The main part is required to be present, but whether it will be an introduction and conclusion, the author solved.

The need to follow in order to properly define text styles?

First of all, I note that in the Russian language is customary to distinguish four books (official business, scientific, journalistic and artistic) and a conversational style.

Each of them presents its own means of language (words, idioms, phrases, types of sentences).

If the speaker or writer is difficult with a choice of style in this or that situation, scientists recommend to stick to a certain scheme:

  1. First of all, you need to answer the question, for what purpose you are going to say / write a specific text.
  2. Rate surrounding your situation for the appropriateness of using one or another manner of expressing his own thoughts.
  3. Apply typical speech genres, means of expression and stylistic features of the language.

What are the styles of text?

In the previous section, they were just listed, so in this chapter I will discuss each of these in more detail.

  • Spoken

Objective: to share with others any household information, to talk about their thoughts, feelings, emotions.

situation: any unofficial.For example, private correspondence or conversation notes, friendly conversation.

Speech genres colloquial vocabulary.

Means of expression: the imagery, emotion, simplicity, concreteness.

  • Science

Purpose: to transfer certain information or explain a particular fact from a scientific point of view.

Furnishings: official.

Speech genres: educational and scientific literature.

Means of expression: terminology and professional vocabulary.

Stylistic features: consistency, objectivity and accuracy.

  • official business

Objective: To convey official information.

Furnishings: office work, legislation, any administrative and legal activities.

Speech genres resolutions, decisions, orders, certificates, certificates, announcements, instructions, memoranda, reports, statements.

Means of expression: voice steady pace, official-business vocabulary.

style features: accuracy, reinterpreted unacceptable.

  • publicist

Objective: to influence, using media.

Furnishings: newspapers, magazines, radio, television, meetings, meetings.

Speech genres: essays, articles, reportage and interviews.

Means of expression: special socio-political lexicon.

Stylistic features: consistency, consistency, emotion.

  • Art

Objective: to influence, seeking to transfer the image.

Furnishings: fable, a poem, a poem, a tragedy, a drama, a comedy, a story, a story.

Speech genres: the wealth of vocabulary.

style features: emotional, concrete, imagery.