Nature of Kazakhstan and its features.

nature of Kazakhstan is very diverse.There are vast deserts, high mountains, vast steppes, deep rivers and large lakes.The fauna and flora of the country represented by rare species of plants and animals listed in the Red Book.In this article you will learn that the world is a natural Kazakhstan and what measures are taken to save it.

Features

nature of Kazakhstan in their area Kazakhstan is the ninth largest on the planet.In this case, it is home to seventeen million.It is a country of immense spaces, the home of thousands of species of birds and animals.In its splendid nature of Kazakhstan.Most of the country (44%) is desert.Almost a third (26%) in this region accounts for steppe zone.Forest in Kazakhstan grows very sparingly (5.5%).In the heart of the country is a huge "yellow steppe" - Sary-Arka.The territory of the state is so immense that captures the East Tarbagatai and Altai, and in the West - Ural Mountains.In the south-west of Kazakhstan is the Ustyurt plateau and the coast of the Caspia

n Sea.The eastern border of the country rests on the northern part of the Tien Shan.

Local reserves

Conservancy Kazakhstan is of paramount importance for the country's leadership.Developed a plan to enrich and restore the natural resources this wild and beautiful land.Maintenance activities of state nature reserves - one of the priorities.At present, there are seven of them: Ustyurt, Markakolsky, Korgalzhyn, Barsakelmessky, Almaty, Nauru-zumsky and Aksu Dzhabagly.Each Reserve maintains on its territory a unique ecosystem.Narzumsky - engaged in the study and preservation of virgin feather grass steppe located on it deep lakes on the banks of which grow pine forests.Barsakelmesky - deserted island covers an area of ​​18 thousand hectares in the Aral Sea.There are few animals and birds, but the rich flora.Aksu Dzhabagly Reserve - one of the oldest in Kazakhstan.It takes four high-rise landscape zones, each of which are home to rare fauna and flora.

Water

Kazakhstan has no outlet to the ocean and is washed by two seas, the inland - the Aral and Caspian.Water resources of the country are quite extensive - there occur eight and a half thousand large and small rivers.The largest of them - Tobol, Irtysh, Ili, Ishim, Syrdarya, Ural and Emba.The largest lake in the country - Balkhash.In Kazakhstan, much attention is paid to the preservation of the unique ecosystem, the fauna and flora of the Aral Sea, partly located in the territory of the state.The coast of the Caspian Sea, all its northern and eastern part of the well belong to Kazakhstan.

Forest area

Most of the forest resources of the country is located in the mountains of northern Tien Shan.Here grow alpine meadows and juniper forests, gorges can see walnut trees and apple trees.Among the inhabitants of these protected sites are brown bear, ibex, snow leopard.In the neighborhood are the Altai taiga forests.In this region, on Lake Markakol, there is a nature reserve.In the Altai taiga inhabited by wolves, wild rams, deer, bears and lynx.There are also nesting grouse, grouse and ptarmigan.The lake is home to Markokolskom four kinds of fish.Among them - uskuch having excellent taste.

steppes

steppes of Kazakhstan is an exciting and thrilling spectacle.Their vast range of possible find hundreds of fresh and salty lakes.The natural world of these places requires careful protection.Lake Tengiz and Kurgaldzhino are in the list of lands and waters of international importance.Nature of the Eastern Kazakhstan gorgeous.It is home to rare species of birds.For example, at Lake Tengiz pink flamingos are found.It is the northernmost nesting place of rare birds.In the vicinity of Korgalzhyn lakes inhabited by sharp-nosed chamga.This bird hatching in the floating nest, and then for a long time wearing them on the back, dives, and even hunting with them.These unique representatives of birds live in Korgalzhyn Reserve.The fauna in this region is represented mainly by rodents: jerboa, water rat, steppe lemming, marmot, and so on.

desert world

nature of Kazakhstan - is the world a variety of deserts.Among them are rocky - Betpak-Dala, gravelly - Ustyurt plateau, sand - Kyzylkum, Karakum, Moyynkum.In the deserts inhabited jerboa, gazelles, as well as threatening the viper.The nature of Kazakhstan is rich in reptiles.The country is found sixteen species of snakes.The sand dunes can be found Kyzydkuma gray lizard - the largest lizard in the world.

Ustyurt Reserve - the youngest and largest in the country.It supports the livelihoods of twelve species of birds and animals that live in the northern desert.They are listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan.Protection shall be a wild boar, polecat, gazelle, quad runner.Among the representatives of birds live here partridge, saker falcon, partridge, black-bellied sandgrouse.

Also reserves

Conservancy in Kazakhstan is not limited to the company reserves.In the country, the so-called reserves.This is the territory on which economic activity is permissible, but on time and to a limited extent, against harm to the natural world.A total of 80 organized by the Kazakhstan reserves.

Some natural objects are considered natural monuments.Their aesthetic and scientific value exceeds the economic value.Kazakhstan declared such monuments "Charyn ash hut", "Chinturgenskie spruce" (Alma-Ata region) and "Goose flight" (the area in the vicinity of the coast Irtysh Pavlodar).

nature of Kazakhstan is harsh, but in its own way beautiful.Her rare and endangered species listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan.It was founded in 1974.The book was reprinted last time in 1999, in its latest version is 40 species of mammals, 57 birds, 10 reptiles, 3 amphibians and 18 fish.