Light industry of the world is a whole branch of the world economy, which is directly involved in the formation of national budgets of many countries.It combines a large number of sectors and sub-sectors, among them can be identified such key: clothing, footwear, textile.It is these areas received a strong development and production of the world can not do without their products.
Light industry in the world today's global economy has changed little residence.Now is not the developed countries have a high-volume production of light industry products in particular these three categories.Currently, this type of industry received a major boost and development in developing countries.In this regard, many developed countries have decided not to compete with cheaper products in this market segment, and to focus its production on the production of luxury branded goods.A striking example of this can become a garment industry, as many famous European fashion designers and fashion designers, who for small production volumes, however, receive a weighty profit is due to the exclusivity of products.
Consider the basic light industry.
Textile light industry the world over the past decade has changed significantly.The main reason for this was the technological revolution, which occurred in the second half of the last century.If before the whole textile consisted mainly in the manufacture of cotton goods and fabrics, and a small segment occupied by materials such as wool, linen, rayon.So now this industry significantly expanded its range due to the increased use of various synthetic textiles (chemical) fiber materials.Textile industry worldwide is growing at an incredible pace easy.To date, the main region, which takes up 70% of all textiles, is Asia.And if you consider the textile industry from the standpoint of product categories and products that can be easily noted that the Asian countries supply the world market to 50% of wool and cotton fabrics.The largest manufacturers for the production of cotton fabrics are considered to be China (delivers up to 30%), India (nearly 10%), the United States, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia.On wool fabric almost a similar situation.China's share in this segment is 15%, thereafter followed by Italy with 14%, Japan, USA, Turkey and India, and the complete list of several Western European countries.But the domestic industry, despite the large share of the production of natural raw materials for textiles, it also has a large decline in production, and at the moment can not be competitive with imported goods without special government programs of development and support.But while the issue at the state level especially no worries.
Behind it should be noted textile and clothing industry.Sewing light industry of the world engaged in the production of clothes and underwear and many other products.The picture in the art of the textile industry is not substantially different.Leading exporters of such products in the world are China, South Korea, India, Colombia, Taiwan.And developed countries, and as already mentioned above, specialize only in small volumes of luxury, fashion and individual products.
Shoe light industry in the world economy relative to the previous and the rest of the industry's most mills have been displaced in the emerging economies.This is largely due to the cheaper labor of the workers in these countries.Leading positions worldwide over reserves China.According to current estimates of China's products up to 40% of the consumer market in the world.
Therefore, summing up it can be said that in recent years the center of light industry on a global scale is significantly shifted from Western Europe and the United States in Asia Mills.