Monkey: types, characteristics.

How many species of monkeys inhabit the planet, what they eat, what are the characteristics of their life?All this we will be happy to read and watch TV.This is not surprising, because we have evolved from a common ancestor.We have a lot of similarities, not only in appearance and structure of the skeleton, but also in behavior.

What kinds of monkeys there are?

Zoologists define two groups of primates are classified on them and these animals.They are divided into primate of the New and Old World.The first group includes monkeys, living in Central and South America, and the second - in Asia and Africa.And each group has its own distinctive features.New World monkeys have tails that they can hold on to the branches while moving through the trees, and a wide nose.In African and Asian primates are often no tail, but even if it is, the animals did not use it as a kind of fifth limb, they have a narrow nose.These two groups comprise more than one hundred and sixty species of monkeys.

Primates South and Central America

on the territory inhabited by these monkeys (species): monkeys, tamarins, capuchins, squirrel monkeys (56 species), owl and night monkeys, Titi, Sakis and Uakaris (41 species), howler, spider and woolly monkey.

African and Asian primates

on these continents inhabit the largest number of primates - more than 135 species.If you list all the types of monkeys, get a huge list.They are united in broader categories: baboons, langurs, Colobus, mandrills, macaques.There is another category that includes the following types of apes: gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, bonobos (pygmy chimpanzees) and gibbon.


These monkeys belong to the family callitrichidae.They live in the warmest areas of South America: Brazil, Costa Rica, the Amazon.Tamarin is very easy to distinguish from other monkeys in appearance: the main characteristic distinguishing feature is his mustache, though there are also representatives of this kind of beardless.Some have downright lion's mane.And because of their very unusual appearance of these animals is constantly hunting - poachers are caught tamarins for sale on the black market.That's why this species threatened with extinction.

The body length reaches Tamarin from eighteen to thirty-five centimeters, with a tail - from twenty-three to forty-four centimeters, they weigh up to a kilogram.If the transfer of small species of monkeys, tamarins will head the list.Main place of their habitat - the highlands of Brazil.In these places, the monkeys feel great: a mild, humid climate, an abundance of food.Tamarins live in small groups of 5-10 individuals, so it is easier to find food and protect themselves from predators.At night they sleep in the tall trees, and with the onset of the morning start to lead an active lifestyle, looking for food, look after each other.

tamarins are omnivorous - they are happy to eat like lizards, snails, insects, bird eggs and plant foods - leaves of trees, fruits, nuts and nectar.The extracted meal is shared equally among all members of the pack.If their territory is drawn stranger, they kicked it all together, building a frightening grimace.About underbrush care the whole group.Kids up to the age of four months is constantly moving on the back of his father.Monkeys all the time talking to each other, thereby informing each other about food and found the approach of the enemy.


These primates belong to the family of the monkeys.It is very small and funny monkey.Types of monkeys: the real and the green, hussar talapoyn and others (23).The body size is usually small (like a cat), wool is very soft and thick.The color of these monkeys is very diverse: olive, gray-green, light gray, brown, red, blue, black.Faces slightly elongated, some representatives of this type have a mustache, sideburns and beard.The tail is typically twice as long as the body.Sciatic calluses small size.

inhabit these primates mostly in forests.Feed the Monkey as a food plant and animal.The diet consists of young branches of trees and leaves, fruits, juicy grass, insects and small vertebrates.From monkeys fleeing enemies.It should be noted that the greatest danger to them are the people who caught them for sale.Monkeys are well tamed, but you need to take cubs.The adult monkey, being in captivity, virtually impossible to train.


this genus of monkeys combined more than thirty subspecies.Types of these primates form four groups.These monkeys live in Brazil and Honduras.Most of the time they spend on the tops of tall trees.The length of the animal's body reaches fifty centimeters.The head is round, with prominent cheekbones.Color faces tend pink or white.At the top - a black crest, similar to the hood of the Capuchin monks (in fact, because of this similarity of the animal it got its name).

primates live in groups of 10 to 30 individuals.Together they gather food, protected from enemies and take care of the offspring.Capuchins are omnivores: eat both plant and animal food.It should be noted that these monkeys are very clever.They can chop nuts, stone fruits to beat on the branches of trees.Catching tree frog, brushes off her mucus, wiping about the tree.Capuchin Cubs to three months, spend all the time on the back of his mother, crawling on his chest, to feed milk.With six months old begin to live a more independent lifestyle, eating adult food, but from the mother is not waste.

Howler Howler - the largest primates on the territory of the New World.The size of the dog with them.These monkeys are very long, prehensile tail, which they constantly use when moving through the trees.

primate's body is covered with a thick but short hair.Long hair only on the head conical shape.The jaw protrudes forward, something similar to a dog.The neck is very short, so it seems that it is non-existent.Most of these primates spend life in the trees.In the afternoon climb for the most elite, where the search for food, and at night down low, for the night sitting in the dense branches of small trees.Howler very afraid of water, as absolutely can not swim.

Eat monkey kidney trees, leaves, succulent stems and fruits.Howler together in flocks which have between five to forty individuals.The female usually gives birth to one cub, which she feeds to 18 months.Watch the kid helps young and childless females.


second name - yellow baboon.The body length of up to seventy-five centimeters and the length of the tail - about sixty centimeters.Coat color yellow - hence the name of the primacy.Baboons live in Eastern and Central Africa (in mountain and steppe regions).They eat, like most primates, plant and animal food.The diet consists of baboons onions, juicy grass, fruits, nuts, insects, lizards, birds' eggs, and others.

Baboons will never live alone.The group includes up to eighty individuals.In the pack there is a clear hierarchy, dominated by a few adult males.In case of danger they come to each other's aid.Between males and offspring are established friendly relations.Matured young feminine remain in the pack, but the young males are forced to leave.Interestingly, often flock to the yellow baboons join herds of ungulates.The fact that the baboons have very sharp vision, so the time can warn of danger.


It is the largest species of primates, not belonging to the group of great apes.They live in West Africa.Sexually mature males have a very beautiful and bright color.They had a red beard, nose, bright pink, and placed the muzzle band blue.Females and young males are a bright color are not.Weight males sometimes reaches fifty-four kilograms.Females are much smaller.

The diet of primates includes both vegetable and animal food.Mandrills eat more than one hundred thirteen species.

live data monkey families which include one male and ten to fifteen females.For every family secured area of ​​fifty square meters, they mark the fragrant secret.Pregnant females lasts two hundred and twenty days.Babies are born from April to December, during this time a lot of food, so females have time to feed them.Communication between mother and cub is stored for a long time.Up to three years of the baby comes the night to my mother.

Gorillas Gorillas are the largest apes.These primates live in the rain forests of equatorial Africa.Until recently, the territory habitat of these monkeys was inaccessible.But the natives are always aware of the proximity of these animals, and tried not to meet with them, believing that they have a fierce temper.

growth gorilla is almost two meters, and weight - from one hundred to two hundred and forty kilograms.The body has a square shape.The color of hair and skin - black.With age, the male on the back hair turns gray.Like all primates, gorillas are diurnal.They feed these monkeys only plant food.They prefer the stems and leaves, but the fruit of a small portion of the diet.

Gorillas very calm, even phlegmatic character, despite the awesome view.The female mates only with the leader of the herd, pregnancy lasts eight and a half months.Cub at first goes to the mother's back, and then walk around, holding her hair.Life expectancy is thirty or thirty-five years, but some individuals live for half a century.

most rare species of monkeys

man very carelessly refers to the natural environment.Many animals are on the verge of extinction, including hit and monkeys.Types Some of them include a small number of individuals that scientists around the world are sounding the alarm.Thus, the Society for the Protection of Animals took custody of Dril - primates that are listed in the Red Book.The population of these animals has no more than ten thousand individuals.All the monkeys (species not matter) crushed a man with catastrophic speed.And if this continues, the planet could lose these wonderful animals.


Currently home monkey - are not uncommon.Many pet stores sell these exotic animals.But it is necessary to take into account that not all types of primates are well acclimatized at home.Here are some types of domestic monkeys, good adapting to captivity: Tamarin monkeys, gibbons, marmosets, capuchins.These primates are unpretentious in content, but you must follow certain rules.So, they must have a large cell, proper nutrition.In no case do not beat the animal and do not shout at him, otherwise it will be closed in itself, be aggressive and boring.The poor conditions of the monkeys die very quickly.