How did the game "Monopoly"?

So what actually it appeared popular board game?

According to official sources - the company Parker Brothers, since 1935 and to this day produces "Monopoly" - the legendary board game came into being as follows.

In 1934, an unemployed engineer Charles Darrow's office suggested Parker Brothers release them invented the game of real-estate.Having found in the board game 52 design errors, Parker Brothers was denied to the inventor.That from a purely American entrepreneurial spirit went to the print shop, ordered 5000 copies of the game and quickly sold them.Realizing that the profits flowing out directly from them from under the nose, Parker Brothers hastily purchased the rights to "Monopoly", and the following year she became the best-selling board game in the United States, and Darrow - the living embodiment of the American dream.

This story is confirmed by documents in the States Patent Office, and in the collection of New York's "Gallery of Forbes."It collected many old copies of "Monopoly", including those made by Darrow.Interestingly, by the way, one of the first versions of the game board was round, made on top of the dining table.

However, at the same time known and earlier games, strikingly reminiscent of "Monopoly."These sets are created manually in various parts of the US, dating back to the twenties and even ten years of the last century;people are still alive, in front of which these games were made.

So, Darrow just happened to be the first to hurry up and received a patent for a "popular" fun?Yes and no.Investigations of recent years shed light on the mystery of "Monopoly."

In the second half of the last century in the United States lived and worked political economist Henry George.Like many liberals of the time, he believed that all the evils of free enterprise are derived from a variety of taxes.Mr. George offered to replace all exactions by a single tax - on the ground.The ideas of this outstanding scholar reflected in the most unexpected areas - from the works of Sun Yat Sen and Leo Tolstoy to the plays of George Bernard Shaw, and Elizabeth Magee board game.Last

us, just interested.In January 1904, a Quaker woman, Elizabeth Magie patented board game The Game of the lessor (landlord game), and that the rules and look cool like the current "Monopoly."It is believed that the "landlord Game" had two versions of the rules: play a game under the current tax rules, the player goes to the model proposed by George - and allegedly convinced of its essential benefits.Maggie thought that the game will tell people about the dangers of an economic monopoly over land and power.Thus, The Game of the lessor was not a distraction, but an instrument of ideological struggle.

to mass production is not reached, but The Landlord's Game gradually spread across North America in makeshift copies.The surge of interest in the board game came in the days of the Great Depression: thousands of unemployed were happy to imagine yourself money bags even at the table.The appearance of the adventurous types like Charles Darrow was a matter of a few months - and he appeared for many decades to glorify the sole inventor of "Monopoly."A company Parker Brothers got great chicken, steadily bringing the golden eggs: the total circulation of the game today is more than a quarter of a billion copies.However, the chicken almost turned the neck immediately after the purchase (which, as we remember, too, dragged) in 1936, George Parker ordered to stop production of "monopoly", but soon changed his mind.