To visit the center of Europe, not necessarily the fly for this purpose in Italy, Germany or Poland.It is enough to take a trip to the picturesque country called Ukraine.The country has a plaque commemorating the European center - the stele in the Transcarpathian village of Business.In addition, here you plenty nalyubuetes beauty of the Carpathian Mountains, and many other area attractions.
Dobrovelichkivka or Shpola?
ordinary person who has never studied geography thoroughly, you can easily get lost in the coordinates of any territories.We examine this issue in order.From 1989 to 2005, according to official data, it was assumed that the center of Ukraine was located near the village Dobrovelichkivka in Kirovograd region.
In 2005, a decree was issued as a result of which the point was moved to the middle of the field near the town and the village Marianivka Shpola Cherkassy region.Thus, at present the exact geographic center of Ukraine has the coordinates 49 ° 01'39 "north latitude and 31 ° 28'58" east longitude.
point located at a distance of three kilometers from the route Cherkasy - Uman, adjacent to the railway.The memorial stele show off the contours of the territory of the state with marks Shpola, Marianivka and Kiev, and the phrase "Shpolyanschina - the geographical center of Ukraine."
Ukraine - a country located in the eastern part of Europe.In 1887, on the right bank of the river Tisza, near the Carpathian town Rakhiv, in the village of Business, on the track Mukachevo - Rohatyn, located geodesic sign and stele.This memo refers to a European Centre of Ukraine.On the stove, academician A. Tarasov phrase written in Latin, entitled the words: "Constant, precise, eternal place."
Determination was carried out by experts from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which in the XIX century occupied a vast territory on this continent.Geodesic sign has great historical value for the neighboring countries.European Centre of Ukraine has the coordinates: 47 ° 56'3 "north latitude and 24 ° 11'30" east longitude.
geometrical point of the continent placed in Poland.It crossed the line, combining the Cape Matapan in Greece, Nordkyn in Norway Rock in Portugal and central Urals, located in Russia.
At present, there are three economic regions: Southwest, South and Donetsk-Dnieper.The industrial center of Ukraine - is, as a rule, settlement, containing a number of businesses that are not related to each other produced material.In such places are tools, produced fuel, raw materials and other products for various branches of economy.Here are the institutions where the product material is processed.In the sectoral structure of the state in the first place is the heavy industry.
industry believes the following areas of Ukraine - it's basically Carpathian, Dnieper Donetsk and part of the country that specialize in electric power, coal, machinery, metallurgy, and chemical products.
Other areas of the state, such as Poltava, Vinnitsa, Nikolayev, Kherson, and so on. D., Are interconnected elements of the territorial organizations and generally are industrial complex.
Currently Ukraine has the following economic sub-areas:
- Pridneprovsky and Donetsk (Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Luhansk and Donetsk region).They specialize in the framework of metallurgy, machinery, electric power and chemical industry.
- Northeast (Sumy, Poltava and Kharkiv).Here is dominated by engineering, fuel, food and light industry.
- Podolsky, Northwest and Central (Khmelnytsky, Vinnytsia, Ternopil, Rivne, Volyn, Kirovohrad and Cherkasy region).They specialize in wood, timber and food industries.
- Black Sea (Mykolaiv, Kherson, Odessa region).Their specialty - mechanical engineering, food and light industry.
- Carpathian and Capital (Ivano-Frankivsk, Zakarpattia, Lviv, Chernivtsi, Zhytomyr, Kyiv and Chernihiv region).Prevailing production - electricity, woodworking, wood, chemical, food and light industry.