Urbanization: what is it?

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Surely all of you have heard the term "urbanization".What it is?The roots of this concept to be found in ancient Latin, where there was a word Ā«UrbanusĀ», denoting the "city".Today, urbanization is called the growth percentage of the urban population in the state and a reduction in rural areas.

Nevertheless, this designation does not reflect fully all processes that accompany urbanization.What is the process?First of all we are talking about increasing the role of cities as such in the social and cultural life of society.In cities with the concentrated industry, cultural and social centers, financial flows.In addition, the process of urbanization major cities are beginning to absorb the neighboring small villages or satellite towns, villages and other small settlements converted to PGT or even individual cities.

is important also that the discussion of the phenomenon of urbanization, which is a process that different countries have different rates.Depending on its level of all nations of the world are divided into three groups: low (less than 32%), medium (32 to 73%) and high (above 73%).

Also be aware that there are different forms of urbanization.For example, it stands out the nature of urbanization - a process which assumes that under the influence of large-scale building natural landscapes are converted into artificial.In many countries, in particular, located in Latin America and Southeast Asia, there is another interesting phenomenon.It was called "false urbanization".This means that the number of urban population is growing due to high birth rates.But this does not happen the development of the cities themselves, increasing the number of jobs and infrastructure.As a result, increasing stratum of economically inactive population and the emergence of disadvantaged areas on the outskirts of cities - slums.

Nevertheless, we can not say, discussing the phenomenon of urbanization, it is absolutely harmless process that does not have a negative impact on society.In particular, every year more and more acute becomes the problem of labor shortages in the food industry, agriculture-related.In addition, these days almost all cities reigns adverse ecological conditions, air, water and soil are extremely polluted due to the large number of enterprises.

fair to say that the examples of urbanization, which are found in history have its positive effects.In particular, the standard of living of the urban population is constantly improving, the conditions are becoming more comfortable and safe.The urban environment also provides more opportunities for the development of the creative potential of people, development of new technologies.

urbanization in varying degrees, affect all countries of the world, and are irreversible.They largely pushed humanity to the discovery of new promising solutions for the organization of a balanced and comfortable life in all of society.