Moose lice, otherwise known Lipoptena Cervi, tick elk, elk fly - a small insect-like appearance tick.It is familiar to everyone who is in the woods during the second half of August - early September.It was at this time moose head lice are most common.
extensive habitat of these insects.They are common in almost all European and Asian territories in Siberia, Scandinavia and China.There are also in North America and in North Africa.In other words, elk lice, photos are presented in the article, live everywhere - except in the far north and south, but it is in forests.
Taurus deer louse flat, light brown in color, sometimes a little darker, glossy length of 3-4 mm and a thickness of 2 mm.The abdomen is able to stretch depending on the amount you drink blood.The legs with thick thighs, strong and tenacious, with sharp claws.Head large, round flanked by two large eyes and three smaller in the middle.Acute proboscis is able to pierce even the rough skin of the animal.On the back - 5-6 mm wings.
Tights lice - are parasites that feed on blood only through their chosen host.Usually it is the deer, roe deer, moose.They live in the tall grass and the leaves of bushes and attacked animals in the dry calm weather.Frequent attacks on people.Louse usually choose a major sacrifice in dark clothes (for a child or a man in a light dress sits fewer insects).The important role played by fabric composition - cold synthetics attracts them is far less than the heat transmissive natural materials.
attacking the victim and buried in her hair, the lice elk shed their wings breaking off their own at the base, thereby cutting itself the possibility to change the host.Insects pierce the skin and begin to suck blood, and after they were filled, looking for a partner for mating.Within two weeks after the start of supply (as they eat up to 20 times a day, each time sucking up to 1.5 ml of blood), a female is ready to produce offspring.Throughout the winter, until the beginning of March the female gives birth to new insects.Tights lice - viviparous insects, eggs and larvae develop directly into the mother's body, and lays it prepupal size of 3-4 mm, which then hardens and falls to the ground.For life on the body of the female breadwinner can lay up to 30 prepupae, of which the fall hatch the next generation.Insects have not found themselves host to winter die.
Tights lice, unlike ticks do not carry diseases.They are no agents of tick-borne encephalitis.
People are not really afraid of insects, often taking them for small flies.Although the bites of these creatures is quite painful.Most often they bite open spaces - the lower part of the neck and head.
Even despite the fact that these insects do not carry the danger, given that they can hide in long clothes, after a hike in the woods is necessary to conduct a thorough examination of the body and the things that have been put on.Hair is necessary to comb the comb with closely spaced teeth.