Sacrilege - what is it?

Blasphemy, it is sacrilege, characteristic both for the church and for the worldly life of the past and our generation.Though its meaning in the two cases, several different, one thing remains constant: it is negative, contrary to the laws of morality phenomenon.

Blasphemy - what is it?Etymology and history of the emergence of the term

In the classic sense of the word blasphemy - a desecration of a sacred object or person.Under it also meant harm, humiliation of honor, dignity and memory of anything.It can manifest itself in the form of disrespect for sacred persons, places and things.When verbally committed crime, it is called blasphemy, and when the physical, it is often referred to as a desecration.In a sense, free of any offense against religious tenets is blasphemy.

The word "blasphemy" is derived from the Latin sacer (sacred), and legere (read).Often, as he used the word a synonym for "sacrilegious".The story is a leading since Roman times, when barbarians plundered sacred temples and tombs.At the time of Cicero, sacrilege took a broader meaning, including verbal considered them crimes against religion and the humiliation of religious sites.

The most ancient religions have a concept similar to blasphemy: it is often seen as a kind of taboo.The basic idea is that the sacred objects should not be interpreted in the same manner as others.

Blasphemy in Christianity

With the advent of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Emperor Theodosius introduced state sacrilege in a more expansive way, in the form of heresy, schism and crimes against the emperor, including tax evasion.In the Middle Ages the concept of "sacrilege" again involves physical acts against sacred objects, and this forms the basis for all subsequent Catholic teachings on the subject.

Most modern nations have abolished the laws against blasphemy out of respect for freedom of expression, except when inflicted injury to persons or property.One of the brightest episodes in this regard are the following: in the United States, the US Supreme Court in cinematic reality Burstyn v. Wilson because of the sensational at the time of the film "Miracle" (1952) abolished the statute of blasphemy.

Despite their decriminalization, sacrilegious acts are still sometimes seen with strong disapproval from the public, including even people who are not followers of defamation of religion, especially when these acts are perceived as manifestations of hatred towards a particular sect or religion.

The personal sacrilege

When rights are violated when the servants of God, we are used to hearing the word "blasphemy".What is the blasphemy of the minister of the church, if not outrage, not only on his worldview, but also over the individual?

Sacrilege private means disrespect to the priest, infliction of injury or desecration, degrading his honor.This blasphemy can be made in three main ways:

  1. show of hands on a cleric or a religious leader.

  2. violation of existing ecclesiastical immunity.Clerics for a long time are entitled to exemption from the jurisdiction of the general courts.The point, therefore, is the one who, in spite of this, goes to a civil court, except as provided for by the canons, declared guilty of blasphemy and excommunicated.

  3. Any action against the vow of chastity, or - a sin.

non-religious blasphemy, or Why do people want to fight?

«War is one of the greatest abominations" - is back in the XIX century, said the famous Russian poet Alexander Pushkin.He knew it already: After the Napoleonic invasion of the country has lost a lot of soldiers and civilians, although compared with the events of World War II it was only the background.Hostilities terrible not only for the deaths of millions of innocent, young, full of life and energy of people.They take also the most important in psychological terms: happiness, faith, love, hope and peace, and inspire fear, terror and fear of tomorrow.

Even today, in the development of a pluralistic world war takes place on all continents, in dozens of countries: Egypt, Israel, Ukraine, Iran ... This is an incomplete list of countries in which there are armed conflicts.What causes people to fight among themselves, destroying not only the natural resources, but also someone's life?Often this is politics, religion or mineral deposits.Apparently only one thing: people are dying and going to non-existence of the city, and the war in this world - forever.

war - a blasphemy against nature, or how to save from destruction the world around us?

Probably the least during hostilities person thinks about what a big negative impact it has on the environment.It's the billions cut trees, meadows and worn bloody, polluted rivers, it is a ton of garbage, poor sanitation, lack of respect for nature, disregard for the endangered species of plants and animals.It is a real sacrilege.What is one or more of felled trees or clogged pond compared to how many human lives lost and never return?

However, this is temporary, because then, after years and even decades, comes to realize that the forest gradually died out, and the new kind of war do not people want to breathe fresh air, pick mushrooms, swimming in the clear river.But the war - a terrible force that does not honor the rules of etiquette, and sometimes even under its terrible hand killed the most amazing monuments of nature.Therefore, many global organizations (such as UNESCO and many others) establish special programs for the preservation of monuments of culture and nature in a war zone.

war - sacrilege against human

about how much death brings such uninvited phenomenon, however.It clearly showed us the second world war: millions dead from almost all countries of the world, the same number of wounded and hundreds of thousands of missing persons.About them wrote poems, stories, and even multi-volume novels, but to return the loved ones could not be anyone else.All manifestations seen blasphemy.What is a human life during the war?A grain of sand in the vast desert, unprotected and alone, hurricane-prone rapid and frequent storms.