Rise of cotton.

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seventeenth century in Russian historical science called "buntashnogo" and no wonder: flashes of bloody events all painted during the seventeenth century, and opened up this turbulent time for the country revolt of cotton.

Brief background uprising

turn of XVI-XVII centuries Russia became a test of the strength of the state in some periods was on the verge of losing sovereignty.Collision of interests of social groups that occupy different positions in society, reached the implacable destruction of each other.For purely socio-economic reasons, such rapid discontent baseman also need to include the current political situation in Russia.Most recently she died a cruel and ruthless autocrat, Ivan the Terrible, oprichnina policy that causes a dull murmur of all segments of the population.The death of the king, on the one hand, caused a sigh of relief, and with another - plunged the country into decades of the Troubles era.The fact that the children of Ivan IV did not differ health (such was Fedor, who died shortly after his father).The last remaining scion of the once mighty kind of Rurik was a minor, and therefore could not rule, moreover, was killed under mysterious circumstances.Here in the political limelight leaves a noble boyar family Godunov, which took the throne, arguing his act kinship with the last king.

reasons uprising

However, the new sovereign catastrophically unlucky.Of course, much of what happened in the early years of the reign of Boris, was a consequence of the previous reign.Gradually one overrides another and caused an unprecedented rise of popular indignation.One of its manifestations was the revolt of the cotton.The causes of this event lay in the policy of oppression and enslavement of the peasants further.Many of them escapes from the estates of the landowners, thus increasing the amount of protesting population flocked to the south-east of the country.One of the first explicit signal to the new government can be considered in 1602, when large-scale robberies led to the loss of control of certain territories.I had to send military command for their suppression.In 1602-1603 gg.as a result of early frosts came famine, poverty and gave rise to rampant banditry.In the late summer of 1603 he broke one of the biggest riots the first third of the XVII century, received the name of the uprising in the history of cotton.

course of the uprising

completely paralyzed have an important highway connecting the central and western part of the country - Smolensk road.It acted troops under the command of runaway serfs Cotton Kosolap.The authorities initially did not attach much importance, soon realized his mistake.Against the rebels had to use large military forces on the orders of Boris Godunov meet "released from obedience to tell peasants' regiment was sent to Moscow musketeers led okolnichy IFBasmanova.The uprising led by Cotton cover all new territory, it is remarkable that they did not put forward political and economic demands, but purposefully and with great brutality usually takes robbery and robbery.The royal governor treated the combat capabilities of fugitive slaves and their leader with contempt, for which he soon paid the price.The battle took place, which was of a long and fierce, Basmanov was fatally wounded.

Results uprising

After the death of the commander of the royal troops confrontation did not stop, and broke out with renewed vigor.The battle is not just forced to retreat archers.However, combat training and equipment had its role to the end of the day the rebels could no longer restrain the pressure of government troops and began to retreat, but unfamiliar with military tactics, they opened their rear, and this benefited their opponents.Began total extermination of the rebels;even those slaves, who offered no resistance and were taken prisoner, were soon put to death without trial.Himself head of the uprising was severely wounded and got to the king's troops captured.His fate was sealed.In Moscow, Cotton was executed.

Baptist civil war?

Rise of cotton in 1603 showed prevailed in the Russian society contradictions.Even in a privileged part was no unity about the future of the country.Many noble rank and birth state downright hostile to the new king, considering him a usurper and murderer Dmitry Uglich.Such disputes could not affect the rank and file, for conductors of public opinion at that time were the boyars and nobles, and the lack of solidarity among them and brings to life a variety of social disturbance.Many researchers believe the Time of Troubles first civil war, citing the fact that in these events to some extent the participation of all strata of the then Russian society.A kind of pioneer in this matter was the revolt of cotton, which preceded a series of bloody acts.