What happened at the turn of the Soviet passports at different times of the USSR

modern passport - a document provided with a complex system of protection of crafts and comprising a plurality of data on its host.It can be encrypted on special magnetic media data on the appearance, fingerprints, and even below the cornea owner.Soviet passports was much easier.

How did the Soviet passport, and that was before it

After the collapse of the USSR has been more than two decades, and today few can confidently transfer all that was at the turn of the Soviet passports, especially since its pattern has changed several times.In addition, he appeared not once, but only ten years after the formation of the USSR.On why it happened and how to change the main document, it is worth remembering.

At the beginning of the creation of the world's first proletarian state is one of the first Bolshevik decrees abolished passport.Yet in 1903 he wrote an article entitled "To the Rural Poor", which sets out its views on the document as an artificial limiting the freedom of movement and employment, the main victims were peasants.

until 1932, citizens of the RSFSR in the overwhelming majority could guess that it was at the turn of the Soviet passports, just by reading a poem by Vladimir Mayakovsky.Proletarian poet was one of the few owners of this purple booklets without which abroad is not allowed.The remaining treated labor card, which serves as the main identity.It was pointed out as the man's name, year of birth, and, of course, to fix his career.In 1924 it was introduced identity cards valid for three years.In 1925, they began to put a stamp on the registration.

What happened at the turn of the first Soviet passport sample

only in 1932, the Central Executive Committee and Council of People's Commissars issued a decree according to which the Soviet Union introduced the passport system.The purpose of this reform was the complete control of the employment of the population.The new document has become a tool of struggle against persons who are not working in state enterprises, and the peasants, fled to the town from hunger caused by collectivization.But even then, only residents of Moscow, Leningrad and Kharkov, as well as the restricted area around these cities should have received a Soviet passport.Photos from the area, which falls on the part of the seal, surname, first name, nationality, date of birth, residence and information on marital status - are the main attributes of the document familiar to all citizens of the USSR, even born in the next decade.But something was at the turn of the Soviet passport was missing in his later editions, for example, social status and attitude to military service.

undocumented farmers

peasants document has not been issued, but, despite this, the freedom of movement they do not become, quite the contrary.This situation prevailed until 1974.However, in the fifties, the inhabitants of rural areas there are several loopholes that allowed to leave the village, bringing poverty to the collective farm system.You could (as an exception) to get work in the city while maintaining a rural residence or get a temporary document for the period of the employment contract.In other cases, farmers could come to the city only with the help of the village council.

last Soviet passport

in 1974 introduced a new Soviet passports.Information about the identity of the owner of it has become less and photos more - after reaching 25 and 45 years of needed dokleivat in specially allocated for this page.Print replace a print volume, which is more difficult to forge.There was one important difference - the document issued to all at age 16, without exception.

This passport faithfully served until the 1991 and for some time to perform its functions, provided with a stamp with the name of the new country - the former union republics of the USSR over the letters.