Any developed legal system is such an integral part, as a "civil right".What is the term?It has a century-long history.In essence, the civil law is a rebirth of the Roman civil right.Today, the above term can be interpreted as "the right of citizens."This is due to the fact that it is civil law are the basis for the resolution of disputes relationship moral and economic character.
The bottom line is that the basis of this relationship - the will of the participants.Users are free to decide whether to enter into an agreement to take a certain kind of duties and so on.In this case, all based on complete equality.Civil law regulates the social relations into which people enter for their own, that is, of private interests.The State must ensure that people properly perform the duties that give themselves, do not infringe on someone else's property or any intangible benefits, and so on.
Civil law giving autonomy to its members, it is possible to select the most suitable behavior everywhere.
Property relations themselves are very diverse.Not all are amenable only to civil regulation.As an example is the fact that the budget and tax property relations can not be based on the equality of the parties.Everything here is based not on a private, namely public law (one of the parties is the state).
The above equality between the parties is indeed the most important party in civil law relations.Authoritative subordination of one party to another is simply impossible.With the loss of the social relations of equality immediately lose their status of civil law.This, of course, is not the economic similarity of the parties, namely the similarity of formal legal.
The autonomy of the will is so important?The fact that she is the tool that makes self-regulated private sphere.Only if any people are free to engage in any civil legal relations.The decision to join them always make their own - that is, on the initiative of its own, not some third party.Users are free to decide how to use rights acquired on the basis of certain legal facts.
Civil law implies that the participants encountered on its standards-based relations are property wealthy.This situation is explained by the fact that the property relations can not occur without a specific separate property.Members of civil relations should be able to dispose of them to determine its fate.
course, civil law regulates and certain non-property relations.Some of them have a direct connection with the property, and others do not have it at all.What here can be attributed?First, we should mention the diverse interests of the human person.This form of the individual, dignity, honor, secrecy of correspondence, personal life, physical integrity, and so on.We refer here to the interests of the people who create intangible goods (works of art, science, technology, and so on).
members of civil relations, not only individuals.It is important that this category includes legal and asylum.The legal form is not important.We note only that in the proceedings in a civil court of the parties have to be a physical person.Otherwise (both sides are organizations), the case will be transferred to the court of arbitration.