One of the key characteristics of any state political acts (aka government) mode.In fact, it becomes a defining force that affects the formation and functioning of government institutions.
Through his transformation can be carried out as a form of government and administrative-territorial structure.And in order to understand how these processes take place, you need to clearly understand what constitutes political regimes.Therefore, it is necessary to define them, to reveal the main characteristics and types.
Political regimes and their types
In science state regime is defined as a set of techniques and methods of functioning of public authorities.And that's what this is a strategy of governing the country, it depends on the form of the political regime.Therefore it is necessary to identify the main criteria on which the classification is carried out.
first sign - a method of government.Political regimes based on three main uses of power, to which belong: the method of legal coercion, violence, and the method of combination of the first two methods.
second sign stands degree of popular participation in government.Most countries are positioned as the republic, ie,de jure power belongs to the people.But political regimes reflect the real situation in this area, namely: who controls the de facto government.
third sign is the observance of universally recognized human and civil rights.This could include legal and actual observance of natural and other rights. fourth sign of the presence of becomes political pluralism as regulated the basic law and its actual existence.
Depending on these parameters the political regimes are divided into democratic and anti-democratic.
Today, democracy has become the only acceptable method of realization of the government.This assertion is based on the fact that the management of the affairs of the state is based on the basis of legal compulsion, fixed human and civil rights are implemented in full and have full legitimate defense.In addition, the people directly involved in the administration of the state, even when the form of government considered the monarchy.It was in the latter case, the existence of political pluralism more fully reflected.
anti-democratic (in some cases referred to as terrorist) modes are full or partial contrast to the first sight.Management of the affairs of state on the basis of the method of violence or overlap of legitimate coercion and violence, and the advantage is carried out in favor of the latter.The people appears in this case only as a tool for the arrival of certain political forces to power, and the rights of individual personality are below the state and its main strength.Accordingly, and political pluralism as a phenomenon appears more decorative than real.
Such regimes are divided into two main categories - totalitarian and authoritarian.The first differs from the second only in the degree of visibility of universal respect for human rights and freedoms.In the authoritarian regime, the so-called leading role"Cult of personality".
Political regimes Russia
Speaking about modern Russia as a whole, it should be noted that on its territory the democratic regime.However, in political science to distinguish between such a thing as regional political regimes in Russia.We are talking about the kinds of state of a democratic regime and the so-called "transitional regime".Depending on the development of a region, as well as the prevailing socio-cultural traditions formed a certain political regime.But it is worth remembering that, regardless of their species, the regions are obliged to comply with the provisions enshrined in the Constitution of democracy.
Political regimes and their views are a clear reflection of the true relations "state - person" in a particular country.Therefore, predicting the development of a State, should be carefully examine the political regime in its legal and factual form.