At the end of the summer in the forests of Siberia and central Russia appears intrusive elk fly (insect photos presented in this article).In addition to the territory of our country, it still lives in the north of China, North America and Scandinavia.The number of parasites is directly dependent on the number of deer and elk.
fly Moose, elk mites, lice elk, deer louse - all the same insect belonging to the family Hippoboscidae.Trehmillimetrovoe body has a flattened shape and is covered with light brown leathery dense cover.On his head in deep depressions located mustache that almost protrude above the surface.Moose fly has large eyes, consisting of more than 2500 facets.Her eyes take ¼ of the entire body except on their head flies there are 3 simple eyes.Mouthparts of the insect belongs to the piercing-sucking type and has a structure similar to proboscis flies, which is called the stable fly.Deer louse are dense and transparent wings with a small number of veins, their length ranging from 5.5 to 6 mm.On the sides of the chest are strong legs with thick thighs and asymmetrical claws.Elk flies provided with an elastic belly that when eating much able to grow in size.
This type of insect is to kruglozhiznennym ectoparasites.In other words, elk fly eats only blood that it produces warm-blooded animals.Its main owners are breadwinners cloven-hoofed animals.This roe deer, deer, deer and moose.In addition, the fly-bloodsucker successfully used home cattle, wild boars, bears, foxes, dogs, badgers, sheep and so on.If there is a high number of the parasite, the moose flies bite threatens a person, and it should be noted - quite painful.On the site of the bite the skin reddens, there is a tight knot that can last up to 20 days.
Why is it called elk lice or mites?Despite the presence of well-developed wings, the insects fly pretty bad and short distances.Wings of them, in fact, need to fly to the smell of a warm-blooded animal.And as soon as they reach their goal, they immediately released.Their whole future life is already flowing on the body of host-provider.They burrow into his fur, bite through the skin and begin to feed on blood.Hence, there was a comparison with conventional lice and ticks.
a couple of weeks at the serene life keds comes puberty, they begin to hold pairs, the female with the male.After fertilization, 16 days, the female gives birth to the first larva.Notice it gives birth, as this kind of insect belongs to viviparous, or rather - kuklorodyaschim.The female body is first developing egg, then the larva.In light now appear trehmillimetrovye formed prepupal.They have a few hours turn into puparia (puparium), covered by a hard shell, and fall to the ground.This usually occurs from October to March.In this state, the pupa will be until August, and then there are new elk winged flies.Female for his life (about six months) time to defer up to 30 such puparia.
animals, these parasites bring great concern, since a single individual, they can lodge whole hundreds.And this leads to the depletion of animal, young animals may be delayed growth.Unfortunately, the effectiveness of insect repellents found.To protect yourself from it bites you need when hiking in the woods taking care of their clothes.The cuffs on the sleeves should fit snugly to the body, better tuck pants into socks, and on his head must be a headdress.After a walk, carefully inspect your clothes and remove pests lurking in it.