Quinoa - a genus of plants of the family Chenopodiaceae.It includes more than 100 species.Under natural conditions it found almost everywhere.Most species are malignant weeds growing near the homes of people in the fields, in the gardens.
Many people know the name of the plant, but to describe it, they are unlikely.In such a situation it raises the question of what it looks like quinoa.It is an annual or biennial plant with direct high stalk up to 1.2 m. Depending on the type of leaves may be green, gray-green, yellow or scarlet color (red quinoa).The complex shape of the tip sheet associated with their halberds.
blooming in July, small flowers, gathered in the carpal inflorescences.Flowering lasts for more than a month.The plants are dioecious.Ripening seeds uneven, the lower seeds have hands, but only the top bloom.
cultivate only one species - quinoa garden, grown in large quantities in some countries and are actively eaten.It is used for green soup, burgers, salads and added to omelets, kvass, pickled, harvested for future use.It is often seasoned with garlic, parsley and other aromatic herbs, because it does not have the characteristic taste of quinoa.
Useful properties it is that the young leaves and shoots are rich in protein, carotene, rutin, ascorbic acid, potassium.In addition, there are some amino acids are not produced by the human body, but it needs to and received only the diet.
nutritionally comparable with mushroom quinoa.Useful effects have not only in the green part, and the seeds, which are also used in cooking, but only after the heat treatment.They are added to the flour in the manufacture of bread, while the resultant product lasts longer.Of these, porridge, something reminiscent of the taste of buckwheat.
In folk medicine, raw seeds are used as a purgative and emetic, used for constipation and various kinds of poisoning.To prevent infection in minor wound can be used quinoa.Useful properties are manifested in the application of its leaf on the damaged area.Freshly rastolchёnnye and leaves are wonderful anti-inflammatory and wound-healing agent in the decay of the nail bed.
possess antibacterial activity decoctions of this plant.They are used in SARS, inflammation of the skin and gastrointestinal tract.In the old medical manual, you can find recipes using this herb for hemorrhoids, sciatica, gout, and others. In the presence of tumors is also used quinoa.Useful properties of leaves and flowers, steamed with boiled water and imposed on the affected area may reduce pain.Any medication is a contraindication, they should not be abused, and it refers to the swan.
You may want to grow this plant in the garden.The seeds need to sow around May, asseedlings can not withstand frost.Choose a sunny place, and it is desirable to fertilize the soil, in this case the leaves will turn the most succulent.On the germination of seeds need at least a week.For greater tillering may be prischipnut the top, and a few times.If the needed seeds, the plant is better to let grow a stalk.The care is not unusual, but watering required, otherwise the leaves will turn fibrous.They collected grows.
Red quinoa, in addition to use in cooking, is also very decorative.By planting this plant, it is possible not only to heal, enrich your diet, but also to please the eyes of non-standard composition.