The geopolitical position

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geopolitical position of a state reflects its place on the political map of the world.In addition, this term means the ratio of power to different countries or groups of countries.

first in the history of mankind global geopolitical rearrangement ended in defeat Austrian-German bloc, the signing of Saint-Germain and the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and the formation of Versailles-Washington system.As a result, the defeated State broke up, began to form a new power, to start a redistribution of colonies and the formation of new political alliances.

Member States confirmed the great Britain, America and France.However, above all strengthened their geopolitical position of the United States, wealthy while on military supplies.At that time, America's influence was very significant.

Russia's geopolitical situation has deteriorated significantly since the end of the Soviet Union.The Soviet Union had a border with twelve countries by land.After the collapse of the Soviet Union formed the new border between Russia and the former republics, some of which have acquired a new status - "landlocked countries" (eg, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, etc.).Today, almost all the subjects of the Russian Federation are borderline.Two subjects borders with three countries.For instance, the Pskov region has borders with Estonia, Belarus and Latvia.

geopolitical position of Russia has deteriorated significantly due to the elimination of the political bloc, consisting of the member countries of the Warsaw Pact and Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance).A number of former socialist republics had already accepted into the NATO and the EU.As a result, changes the geopolitical situation of the Russian state is now almost at the same level as during the reign of Ivan the Terrible.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has not become a convenient outlet to the sea, well-equipped Baltic (Riga, Tallinn, Ventspils, Klaipeda) and the Black Sea (Odessa, Sevastopol, Nikolaev, Ilyichevsk) ports.In addition, the country has lost many naval bases.

territorial losses and led to the loss of the resource potential.At the same time Russia has lost and powerful fixed assets in the form of military bases, factories, resorts, spas and other institutions-Union subordination.To make up for these losses had to again form a production base.

According to many researchers, the group of leaders, as well as a hundred years ago, is still quite limited, and the composition is virtually unchanged.Only, perhaps, change experts consider replacement of the Austro-Hungarian Canada and China.

position of leading countries today, due to the dynamics and indicators of changes in their geopolitical potential and status is seen as a part of the global geopolitical configuration in the form of geopolitical rotation.Important characteristic in this matter is the rotational vector and the speed increasing during the war.As a general trend of change in the geopolitical situation of permanent researchers have noted the growth potential in almost all of the leaders at their gradual degradation from the "third world."Thus, the country's leaders, together with the relatively small number of so-called "new industrial countries", more detached from the rest of the group.

Many experts point out that the largest concentration of leading countries noted in the regions of North America, Western Europe, Central Eurasia.Occupies the territory of three countries (Russia, the US and Germany) throughout the twentieth century, has a powerful effect on the dynamics and nature of the world geopolitical configuration.