Democracy and the State

click fraud protection

concept and features of democracy.

term democracy is of Greek origin, and it is known that in a translation from Greek this term means "rule by the people."In general terms we can say that democracy offers the principle of equality and freedom of each individual in society and the state, as well as the participation of the people in the political life of the country.

democratic regime is inherent in those countries that have high levels of development in the social, legal and economic spheres of society.The basic principles of the term under consideration are added, based on the stability of the state and the rule of law over lawlessness and arbitrariness, corruption and vzyatnichestvom.In addition, one of the main prerequisites for the development of democratic principles in the country, and, as a consequence, the construction of the rule of law, is the variety of forms of ownership.Thus, it should be understood that the recognition of forms of private property and guarantees its safety, are directly related to the regime under consideration in the state.Based on this, you can make one conclusion - the democracy is possible in countries with market economies.

democratic regime has a number of features that distinguish it from other conditions that exist in some countries at the moment, or pre-existing in other countries.A number of researchers and experts dealing with the state and law, distinguish signs that are unique to the above mode.So, to the signs of a democratic regime, is caused by the construction and further development of the rule of law, include:

  1. 1. recognition of the people the main legitimate source of power.Thus, the people is considered to be the bearer of the three branches of government, ie the legislative, executive and judicial.
  2. 2. Availability sovereignty.In the most general form of sovereignty is the independence of the state from the effects of other countries within its borders.
  3. 3. equality of the citizens, which is due to formal legal form and the possibility of their participation in political and social life of the country.
  4. 4. presence of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, directly prescribed in the Basic Law of the country.The government, for its part, must protect civil rights and liberties.
  5. 5. exercise of democratic authority over elected authorities.
  6. 6. pluralism of political opinions and views on this or that situation has a significant impact on domestic or foreign policy of the country through a multi-party system in the country.
  7. 7. system of separation of powers.
  8. 8. Openness and freedom of speech.
  9. 9. direct and open elections.

Protect the principles of the regime must be democratic institutions, which include the highest authorities of the state.Without their active support in the improvement of the democratic regime in a particular country, there is a very real possibility of degeneration of democracy into mob rule.This mode, differently called ochlocracy.In this sense, the crowd becomes master of the situation in the state and imposes its will on the highest state officials, who scared the powerful influence and aggression of the masses.This mode is inevitably doomed to failure.Thus, the legal regime, certainly not in its ideal model exists in countries that focus on respect for the rights and freedoms of its citizens and successfully cope with this process.On this basis, it is evident that democracy exists not only as a category of philosophy, but also as a real political regime.This mode is considered to be the most appropriate for many countries in the world.