Mass grave - a burial of a group of people who were killed at the same time in connection with certain events, which may include military action, epidemic, natural disasters, persecution, and others. These objects have their own room and are marked on the maps.The identity of the people lying in the grave, as a rule, are unknown.Burials are divided into civil and military, and the military must give honor to the mass graves of fallen soldiers.
most ancient mass grave was found in the Old Simonov Monastery in Moscow, where they found human remains cubic meters.Skull buried, according to experts, belong to young healthy people, and clothing and some items have not survived.This, together with necessary analysis, led to the conclusion that this place was a mass grave of soldiers killed is supposed to be in the days of the Battle of Kulikov.
territory of Russia repeatedly subjected to military raids.Therefore, a mass grave, unfortunately, is a frequent phenomenon in many localities.So, in the seventies of the 20th century on the edge of the forest it was found Utitskogo collective burial of a total area of about 170 square meters.meters, the territory of which found the final resting place of about 700 people and 350 horses.The remains were gathered and burned in November of 1812.In Soviet times, the territory of the burial place was landscaped.It put obelisks, cleared the track.Later, a wooden cross was erected.
World War II expanded the sad list of graves.For example, on the Karelian Isthmus it killed about 139 thousand. Soviet soldiers, who died in the Great Patriotic War has about 0.3 million. People.Finns have lost about 87 thousand. Soldiers.Of these, about 60 thousand. Killed in 1941-1944.Due to the fact that the fighting took place in the woods, on the territory of the isthmus until now there is not one mass grave, which requires a finding on the basis of historical data, as well as proper care.
Today in Russia there are numerous search parties, some of which merged into a special union.Many involved in the excavations indicate that in the forests and fields of the country still lie dead in World War II soldiers.The identity of some of them can be established, the rest are buried in mass graves with the provision of appropriate honors.According to some studies, by the military and other actions in the USSR in the Great Patriotic War, killing about 26.6 million. People.
In addition, we must not forget about the victims in peacetime, which include those who died during Stalin's repressions.In many cities of Russia and CIS countries today opened a monument to those who had been shot in the late 40's.For example, at Voronezh it was discovered more than 100 shootings places, performed the burial of 998 (!) People.Near Irkutsk killed several people were filled ditches, Vorkuta - mines and dumps near St. Petersburg - the whole wasteland (Levashovo).