lot of shocks experienced by Russians.Among them are terrible and incomprehensible to many people remain pervasive repression on political and religious grounds in the Soviet Union in the twentieth century.
Lubyanka - mournful place where tormented and impose the death penalty on innocent people.Trains full of repressed sent to labor camps and prisons to the Solovetsky Islands.These land for a huge number of Soviet people were the last refuge.And it Solovetsky Stone is considered to be a memorial, not giving forget millions of lives.
In memory of tortured and executed
For a long time it was not customary to discuss and mention these shameful time for Russia.But the pain and uncertainty led many to reflect and remember those terrible years.The main associates to perpetuate serious events taking place on the Solovetsky Islands in the camps (Elephant) and prisons (STON) special purpose, were members of the NGO "Memorial".This society has created an academic and human rights activist Andrei Sakharov.
Social activists and relatives of the repressed appealed to the authorities of the capital with a request to allocate land in Moscow for the installation of a memorial, the memory of the victims of political repression.This place has become a memorable Lubyanka Square, where he was located Solovetsky stone.
stir up the public and speak to perpetuate the memory of people who have been victims of political repression, was possible in the perestroika years.And it happened in 1990.After agreeing with the Moscow government and the allocation of funds they laid the foundation for the monument, whom later became the Solovetsky stone.
block of granite was chosen Michael Butorin - historian and journalist, and Gennady Lyashenko - the chief architect of the Archangel, before sending it was in the village of Solovetsky that tamarins berth.
the cargo ship "Sosnowiec" boulder was transferred to Arkhangelsk, where the rail, he was taken to Moscow.In the creation of a memorial monument was also attended by the designer VE Corsi and artist-architect S. Smirnov.
installed Solovetsky Stone on Lubyanka Square in 1990, 30 October.The chosen site is very significant for many Russians.After all, it housed "formidable" building, first the NKVD, then the KGB.Here the hands of ruthless officers to sign documents for the mass arrests and sentences people to death and link the accused of treason and undermining the communist regime.
Since 2008 Solovetsky Stone is a landmark of Moscow.It is located in a park near the Moscow Polytechnic Museum.Earlier in front of him stood a monument to "Iron" Felix Dzerzhinsky.But it was dismantled in the days putchevskih events in August 1991.
opens a monument to congestion at many thousands of Muscovites.Among them were former political prisoners of the Solovetsky camps: Oleg Volkov, Sergei Kovalyov and Anatoliy Zhigulin.
Back in 1974 (30 October) was marked by the first day of political prisoner ignited many candles in memory of the thousands of innocent victims, it was declared a hunger strike together.The initiators began Kronides Lyubarskii and many prisoners camps of Perm and Mordovia.
Since 1990, October 30th is the official Day of political prisoners in the Soviet Union.Later, it was renamed and became celebrated as the Day of Remembrance of the victims of political repression.
gift from former political prisoners in memory of victims of repression and received the northern capital - St. Petersburg.Solovetsky Stone 4 September 2002 set the activists of "Memorial" in the square near the Trinity Square.Opening of the monument was timed to the tercentenary of St Petersburg.The authors of the memorial are artists Ukhnaliou E. and Y. Rybakov.