From an early age in kindergarten children develop a sense of homeland.The program of education and training of preschool children suggests a gradual familiarity with folklore, folk traditions, as well as with the native nature, especially accommodation.Patriotic education of preschool children in the older groups of preschool children is complemented by the knowledge of Russian as a native country, the state symbols.
The youngest children aged 2-3 years, through observation of natural phenomena familiar with the plants of his native land.Folk Tales and zaklichki about the sun, rain, snow, or a rainbow formed their idea not only of the climatic characteristics of the region, but also the feeling of a small homeland.Under this same theme kids acquainted with the kindergarten, make trips to the post office and the store closest to the monuments and cultural institutions.Revisiting slide presentations on topics excursions promotes better assimilation of the children received information.
From preschool age, 3-4 years, children begin to differentiate between people of different race.The modern migration of peoples allows them to gain knowledge about different races, personally talking with the children in their group.Patriotic education of preschool children begins with remembering the name of his country - Russia.Children receive information and that there are other countries and continents.Map of the world can be arranged in a group, but teachers do not show until the children know the names of the requirements, but only refer to the place of Russia.
moral education of preschool children is closely linked with patriotic.Children learn to respect people of other nationalities, studying their customs and traditions, participate in national celebrations and rites, play games of the world.An introduction to their culture is through the people celebrated traditionally in the region.Aesthetic education of preschool children is used to form the children a sense of beauty in admiring mother nature, works of art of the people, of artistic expression.
Holidays, which are conducted with preschool children, are distributed evenly throughout the school year and are the basis of the content of the educational program.At the age of 5-6 years old children in preparation for the celebration, learn poems, songs, studying its history.This is the patriotic education of preschool children, aschildren appear not only knowledge, but also the value attitude to their traditions.Victory Day, the Day of Defender of the Fatherland Day, Space, Day of National Unity, and the other - a celebration that form in children pride in their homeland for their people.At this age, they get acquainted with their region, with its features and attractions.
Patriotic education of pre-school education covers several areas.In a region of "knowledge" children receive information about their homeland, about other countries, about different peoples and their traditions.The educational area "Communication" allows children to develop communication with peers, learn languages of other nations, to obtain information from older relatives about the history of his native land, listen and memorize works of folklore.Areas of "Music" and "Artistic creation" allow children to better understand the work of art, to master the skills of painting and decorating the image of clothes people of those nationalities who live in the region.
Teachers help parents make the right selection of movies to watch and products for home reading with the aim of moral and patriotic education of children of preschool age.