Differentiated learning - is an approach to education, which takes into account the maximum individual abilities of each child or group of students.This is one of the most important principles that affect the performance of the teacher.This training is carried out by changing the content of educational tasks: it is necessary to relate the difficulty of the exercises with the capacities of the child, as well as take into account the time allotted to perform.
In order to carry out a differentiated approach to learning, the teacher must remember a few rules.
Firstly, it is important to know and understand what purpose will be used by the activity.In addition, you must take into account the overall readiness of children, their level of development.The teacher should anticipate difficulties that may be students in the study of the topic.The system is used and individual lessons and group lessons.
technology provides differentiated instruction is not episodic and systematic work in this direction.For example, for the entire class is given the same task at the same time reduce the disciples strong in its execution, and the weak - provide supporting material (algorithm, charts, tables, and so on. D.).In this case, a personal approach and knowledge of the teacher characteristics of children.Another way to differentiated instruction - at various stages of the lesson the students offer different tasks and different for students with average academic performance, strengths and weaknesses.
This work with children should be put on a scientific basis, that is, you need to use practical advice of psychologists to implement this approach.Efficiency of activity depends on the professionalism and experience of the teacher, who must be able to learn the identity, bearing in mind that each child its own characteristics that distinguish it from others.
If differentiated training is one student, it is called an individual.Its advantage is that the teacher direct contact with students, it can immediately correct his mistakes and praise for success.Individual approach depends on the specific characteristics of each individual: inclinations, abilities, temperament, behavior, attitude to oneself, self and other.
Differentiated training involves several steps.At first, the teacher meets with the group.To do this, you can carry out diagnostics, jointly organized collective action, to establish friendly contacts with children.Experience shows that, at this stage, teachers use a great number of methods, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, interviews, and so on.. In his work the teacher must take into account the types of temperaments.Stand children, which needs an individual approach.Usually it is the students who have trouble learning or behavior, "difficult" teenagers, gifted students, and so on. D.
second phase is closely linked to the process of re-education.It uses techniques such as persuasion, self-criticism, personal example and so on. D. One of the important conditions for effective activity in this case is the interaction with the staff.
Differentiated training involves the development of value orientations, properties and qualities of the child.In the next stage, the individual work aimed at the education and preparation of the pupil in such a way as to take account of its features and capabilities.The most popular methods used by teachers - is a requirement, self-esteem, perspective, public opinion, and so on. D.
Finally, correction is carried out, which is based on the results of individualization of the educational process.