time immemorial people endowed with magical properties of stones.Turquoise, for example, used by people even in ancient times.The Persians believed it remains of people who died of passionate love.Tibetans attributed to her divine origin and still believe that turquoise stones - these are living creatures.Mascots and turquoise jewelry found in the most ancient tombs in America, and in Egypt and Asia.Over a long period of human evolution fashion to those or other precious materials he appeared and disappeared, and natural stone turquoise stretch remains a symbol of health and good luck.This stone has always been considered a talisman that brings happiness.So, in the eastern countries served turquoise amulet, that keep soldiers and Egyptian jewelers actively produced from these sacred stones insects for magic rituals.
In nature, in the crystalline form is not always possible to meet these beautiful stones.Turquoise - a kidney-shaped cryptocrystalline species or neprosvechivayuschie veins in rocks.Their decorative signs are ambiguous.There are pale turquoise stones, but there are bright shades of blue and blue-green to blue.Adorable by type of mesh and lace varieties.Drawing on them is created prozhiliny of metal oxides.It may be iron, copper or manganese.It is interesting to look at the matrix or uterine turquoise, having blotches shale carbon nature.
Surprisingly, despite the huge amount of deposits of stones available in the Caucasus, the United States, China, Israel, Afghanistan and other countries, one of the most widely imitated is still turquoise stone.The price of a fake is much inferior to the natural material.But jewelers both remain very popular.Descriptions of the techniques of imitation turquoise yet published in the XIV century.Today, therefore, we must be able to distinguish them.
If in the past century, when counterfeited natural stone turquoise, baby material is mixed with powders suitable in color, I was pressed, and it turns a heterogeneous material which is distinguished from the natural it was very difficult, but now there are more opportunities to fake stones.Turquoise consists of copper, ceramics and a variety of suitable species economy stones such as quartz.And there are experts, so masterfully created synthetic materials under the turquoise that even experienced experts can not find the differences in their structure.
When you purchase should be considered in the first place the state in the rock pores.White pores in natural turquoise not happen.Identify the plastic can be by means of fire.It is necessary to bring fitilёk the back of the product and some of its hold.If you begin to melt - imitation.Using needles can be identified, in the hands of earthenware or glass.Their hardness greater than that of turquoise, and if the material does not remain scratches, and it is harder than the metal needle, it can be assumed that it is a fake.Meanwhile, if the result of this verification is formed shavings or powder and white stripes on the product under turquoise topsheet, then there is obviously that the decoration is made of plastic.With a red-hot needle can reveal colored stones.Turquoise, rather wax and resin, which was dissolved pigments from touching the hot metal begins to melt.