liability to understand what is a policy of war communism, a brief look at the public mood in the turbulent years of the Civil War, as well as the position of the Bolshevik party in this period (its participation in the war and government policy).
1917-1921 years have been a difficult period in the history of our country.These made their bloody war with a lot of opposing sides and complex geopolitical situation
policy of War Communism: a brief on the status of the CPSU (b)
At this difficult time in various parts of the former empire of every piece of land it fought a lot of applicants.The German army;local national forces are trying to create their own state on the ruins of the empire (eg, the formation of the UPR);Local people's association, commanded by the regional authorities;Poles, who invaded in 1919 in the Ukrainian territory;White Guard counter-revolutionaries;Allied recent formation of the Entente;and finally Bolshevik units.Under these conditions absolutely necessary margin of victory was complete concentration of forces and the mobilization of all available resources for the military defeat all enemies.Actually, this mobilization by the Communists, and was war communism pursued by the CPSU (b) since the first months of 1918 to March 1921.
policy of military communism briefly about the nature of the regime
During its implementation of the policy has caused a lot of conflicting assessments.Its main points were such measures:
- the nationalization of the whole complex of industry and the banking system;
- the monopolization of the State of Foreign Trade;
- Forced labor service of the entire population capable of work;
- food dictatorship.It is this point has become the most hated by the peasants since made violent confiscation of grain in favor of the soldiers and the starving city.Prodrazvyorstka today often exhibited as an example of the atrocities of the Bolsheviks, but it should be noted that with its help were significantly smoothed food problems of workers in the cities.
policy of military communism briefly about the public reaction
Frankly, War Communism was the force means forcing the masses to increase the intensity of work for the victory of the Bolsheviks.As already mentioned, the bulk of Russian discontent - peasant country at the time - caused requisitioning.However, in fairness, I must say that the same technique used and the Whites.It logically follows from the situation in the country since the First World and the Civil War completely destroyed the traditional trade links between rural and urban areas.This led to the deplorable state of many industries.There was dissatisfaction with the policies of war communism in the towns.Here, instead of the expected increase in labor productivity and economic recovery, on the contrary, there has been a weakening of discipline in the workplace.Replacing the old cadres to the new (that were communists, but not always qualified managers) has led to a noticeable decline of industry and the decline in economic performance.
Results of the civil war: a brief account of the main
Despite all the difficulties, the policy of war communism still fulfilled prepared for her role.Though not always successful, however, the Bolsheviks were able to gather all the forces of counter-revolution and stand in the battle.However, it has caused popular unrest and seriously undermined the credibility of the CPSU (b) of the peasantry.The last such mass action was Kronstadt, which occurred in the spring of 1921.As a result, Lenin initiated the transition to the so-called New Economic Policy.NEP 1921 in the shortest possible time to help restore the economy.