medicine used in the mass of incomprehensible human terms.Sometimes these names sound repellent.That is why the patient before treatment is to get acquainted with some terminology for their own development and understanding of what is happening with him.This article focuses on the concept of "sedation".It is a term used by surgeons, anesthetists and surgical nurses.You will also learn about how to take such a manipulation.
premedication - what is this?
To get started is to say that the term refers to preparations for carrying out the prescribed treatment.Depending on whether the manipulation is performed, pre-medication selected method.
patient, this procedure helps to calm down, relax and tune in to a positive outcome.Also, in some cases, premedication - that salvation is often manifested by allergic reactions to various drugs.
Where it used premedication?
Most often this training is carried out prior to surgery of various kinds.In some cases, a premedication before surgery under local anesthesia or no anesthesia.
also such training is carried out before dental treatment.In some cases, sedation dentistry helps the doctor as much as possible to do their job properly.So, preparation is always carried out in the treatment of teeth in young children, the elderly or complex operations.
Efficiency sedation medicine
Currently, many doctors refuse certain paragraphs of this manipulation.They attribute this to the fact that the administration of the drug is not always effective, and the response to the drug is very common.Sometimes there are situations that administration of the agent simply does not have time to act on the human body.
to hold the sedation should always be the consent of the patient.Also, before the procedure is necessary to clarify whether a person has a tendency to any allergies.
What drugs are used for sedation?
It is worth noting that there are a large number of used vehicles.If you have an intolerance to one of them, you should be sure to tell your doctor.In this case, select an alternative drug.
Includes premedication drugs of the following groups: sedatives, antihistamines, drugs and solutions that reduce the contractile muscle performance and various glands.
So, for sedatives include:
- «Luminal" and other drugs.
Antihistamines can be used as follows:
- «diphenhydramine" and others.
blockers contractile function of the most frequently used are:
- «Glycopyrrolate" and so on.
In some cases, premedication before surgery may require the introduction of drugs which can reduce the dose of the anesthetic.
manipulation consists of a few basic points.There is a so-called early premedication.This procedure, which takes place the night before (before surgery).Also, it is sure to training on the day appointed for surgical treatment.Thus, we consider in detail the method of sedation.
First step: preparation of the patient early
evening before the set date of the operation carried out purgation.This is accomplished by means of an enema, or by administering laxatives.This preparation is needed in the case where the surgical intervention will be performed in the abdominal cavity.If the operation requires affecting other parts of the body, this phase can be avoided.
evening also offer the patient a long-acting hypnotic.Everyone feels the excitement and fear of surgery.That is why this step is so necessary to the patient.
Second step: premedication to-day operations
A few hours before the surgery you will be an additional premedication."Atropine" and other blockers are used at this stage.They are necessary in the event that the device will be used for ventilation, or when treatment is carried out at the muscular body.So often before examining genitals in women using large doses of the substance.
Also, you will be introduced antihistamine.It will avoid allergic reaction to various drugs and anesthetic agents in the blood.In addition, it is proposed to take a sedative.Through his action the patient can relax and cope with the mental strain.The main condition for preparation for surgery is to avoid food and water.
Third step: premedication on the operating table
There is also a so-called premedication anesthesia.At this stage the patient is given drugs that help to fall into euphoria and enhance the effects of the anesthetic.When possible allergies to painkillers sure the item is taken into account.
This manipulation is conducted at a time when the person is already on the operating table.The most innocuous assistant anesthesia is oxygen.It helps a person to quickly disconnect and hear everything that happens around.Also at this stage can be used the following formulations: "Droperidol" "Valium", "Morphine sulfate 'and other means.
Fourth step: anesthesia
After premedication is complete, the anesthesiologist can begin its work.The doctor assigns the individual dose of a substance for each patient.This takes into account height, weight, age, area of work and the presence of premedication.
Later the doctor conducting the operation can proceed to surgery.
Features sedation, which must take into account
Most of the drugs that are used in preparation for surgery, administered orally or rectally.This method is explained by the fact that the medication longer valid, and does not enter into direct reaction to the anesthetic.Also, some agents may be utilized by intramuscular injection.
in direct contact with the blood of drugs quickly lose their effectiveness and excreted.It is worth noting that, depending on sex, age and weight of the dosage should be individualized tools for sedation.Otherwise, the material may not simply act or overdose occurs.
Summary and small conclusion
If you are having surgery, you should know that this premedication, some drugs used to carry it out, and why do I need this manipulation.Do not give up without permission from the procedure.If you are confused by any item, consult your doctor.If necessary, the doctor may replace some of the drugs you want.
premedication will help you tune in to the operation and to cope with the psychological stress.Treated properly and be always healthy!