In ancient times, our ancestors believed in the existence of higher powers that control the elements, nature, productivity and other life events.Giving a human face to these forces and giving them names, people tried to appease the gods, so they were favorable to them.Since then everyone lived off agriculture, but the result of their work is completely dependent on the weather and the "grace of the gods", ancient people often turned to the celestial and underground deities with prayers and gifts, so that they, in turn, took pity on mortals and gave themrich harvest.This is what has become a force goddess of fertility.
Each nation had its first goddess, but in the future a great impact on many were Greek religion.Binding of different religions and legends, people began to identify with their idols Greek, creating new myths, putting their names on the counterparts of the Greek, Etruscan and other deities.For the Slavs the goddess of fertility, spring, life and birth was called Alive.She ran life-giving forces of nature, spring water, young shoots, as well as patron of young virgins and young wives.
Greeks the goddess of fertility and agriculture known as Demeter, which means "mother earth."In rituals it was called by various names such as Chloe (crop, foliage), Carpophorus (fertile) and so forth. Demeter is a great female goddess who bestowed fertile power of people, animals and the earth.It was believed that she loved people, helped them in their work, taught sowing and plowing, filled their reserves barns.
Ceres - is the Roman goddess of fertility, which corresponds to Demeter.She is responsible for the growing of cereals, the productive forces of the earth and the underworld.Ceres directs the change of seasons and the sequence of agricultural work, is the guardian of the villages, their inhabitants and the harvest.In addition, she is also the goddess of marriage and motherhood.In general, the image of Ceres can be called a collective, as for creativity and protection of the law, it can be compared with goddesses Minerva and Bottom, the protector of the royal power and Crafts.
Akkadian mythology identifies as the main female deity Ishtar.It is the goddess of fertility, war, carnal love represents the planet Venus.Without it, the earth disappears love, plant and animal life.Ishtar in zapadnosemitskoy mythology displays Astarte, and it is called the Sumerian Inanna.
Ancient Egypt worshiped Isis, which was the embodiment of fidelity, motherhood, fertility, the mistress of the elements of wind and water.She was portrayed as a woman with cow's horns on his head.
As you can see, all these features have a goddess of the Great Mother and, therefore, to find the original source of the beliefs and understand the cause of religious differences is not easy.However, we can say with certainty that the fertility goddess was worshiped in all nationalities, in her honor held festivals and rituals with sacrifices for her architects erected temples and sculptors created beautiful statues - masterpieces of art.