Parliamentary republic - a kind of a republican form of government.The main difference from the monarchy is that the ruler of the country is elected and replaceable.The power head is considered to be a derivative of the voters or the representative body.
Under this form of government the president is head of state only constitutionally.The scope of management of the ruler does not apply to the parliament and all its activities.
Parliamentary Republic suggests that the chief executive - is Prime Minister (Chancellor of Austria and Germany).It is he who carries the entire policy.The Prime Minister and his government is accountable to Parliament.
The Italian Constitution states that the President represents the unity of all people and is the head of the country.At the same time another article of the Basic Law stipulates that the management of the general policy and responsibility for its maintenance lies with the head of the Council of Ministers.Thus, according to the Italian constitutional norms, the executive power is concentrated in the hands of the Prime Minister, but not the president.
Similarly, determine the status of the president almost all parliamentary republic.
few uncharacteristic for said form of government legal structure is present in the Constitution of Austria.The Act states that a supreme executive authority is the Federal President, secretaries of state, federal ministers and members of the government land.At the same time in the Constitution and there is a very detailed list of presidential powers.This list makes it clear that the president is only a formal ruler.
The same situation is observed in the Basic Law of Greece.
should be noted that a parliamentary republic as the form of government is based on the principle that the President acts as a "referee", balancing the branches of state power.Thus, the position of the head is determined by the structure of the country, established the scope of authority, the electoral system.Defined as the specificity of the interaction with other authorities.
powers of the head of a parliamentary republic similar to the powers vested in a constitutional monarch.And in the first and in the second case the power of the ruler is purely symbolic.At the same time during the political crisis, the role of head of state sharply increases.Only the president is able to ensure the preservation of the continuity of power, the maintenance of political stability.
parliamentary republic (as the form of government) is typical of many countries.For example, such a political system installed in Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Hungary, Austria, Ireland and other powers.Of the former republics of the Soviet Union in Latvia established a parliamentary republic.
This government certainly has positive and negative traits.
The main advantage of the system is considered to be that the power is concentrated to a greater extent in one body.Decisions made by a majority vote.In a parliamentary republic has no official or any body which may hinder the implementation of decisions of Parliament.
in these systems visible boundaries of responsibility for political action.In this case, the voter knows exactly whom to blame for the failures.
Also important is the fact that the government is formed directly by the voters.During the election a test of the credibility of all the candidates are.
In a parliamentary republic supremacy of Parliament excludes the concentration of power in the same hands.