Marsh has always been surrounded by mystery.Remember the Russian folk tale, in which they themselves, as well as plants growing nearby, had mystical powers.
What kind of places are mysterious?About 10% of the land occupied areas with elevated levels of moisture that can accumulate peat.When the level gets tridtsatisantimetrovym, the site turns into a swamp, which in nature serves as a natural water filter.
Many believe that in the swamps nothing grows, but this is misleading.The species composition of the forest plots at times richer.Most of this moisture-loving plants that prefer places where heat, a lot of sun and water.One of the most famous - herbaceous marsh plant duckweed.That's fine emerald herb tightly covers the water surface near the shore in the warm season, and in winter sinks to the bottom of the reservoir, where a kidney waiting heat.
marsh plants can be divided into several groups.Microphytes living at the bottom of the swamp (about 6 meters depth).Macrophytes live in the water column (the 3 meters of the coastal zone).Plants Tier inhabit the body of water and a half - three meters from the shore.The next level is represented by plants who occupied the water surface near the shore.But in close proximity to water trees and shrubs representing coastal vegetation.
Today marsh plants happy to use the owners of private houses to decorate their small artificial reservoirs.Gardeners love marsh marigold, golden double flowers which in April will delight the eye with their magnificence.Bunch of white or pink flowers in May, you will appreciate trifol, otherwise known as bean trefoil.Of course, we can not ignore, and iris.At the height of this magnificent plant reaches 1 meter.And powerful dense leaves and the stunning beauty of the flowers will not leave anyone indifferent.White, blue, bright yellow, purple iris flowers and manganese airovidnogo, so also called iris, can be planted in the pond (nadkornevoy layer of water should not exceed 30 centimeters), and in moderately moist garden soil.These marsh plants will become your favorites.In June - July bloom Acorus Calamus.The rhizomes of this wonderful plant makes extensive use of traditional medicine.Alisma common will delight you with its white flowers from June to September.It can be planted at a depth of about 20 centimeters.But broadleaf cattail suit you, only if you are the owner of a sufficiently large body of water, as the plant reaches a height of two meters.For small pond more suitable cattail small, which in the autumn will surely attract the attention of cobs colors.
among ornamental grasses that can grow in moist places, gardeners prefer manna.It is appreciated for elegant flowers yellow or white stripes of color.This undemanding plant loves the heat, sun and moisture.
Among other things, there are many trees and shrubs that prefer marshy soil.By planting alder, willow or birch tree near the pond, you will provide the trees as necessary life-giving moisture.Always growing in bogs blueberries and cranberries - favorite fruit of most Russians.Beautiful honey plants heather and Labrador tea also prefer oversaturated with moisture areas.
Many beautiful legends piled on the marsh plants.Some of them are poisonous and some are considered to be medicinal.But be that as it may, the marsh plants will always amaze the imagination of a variety of colors.No wonder many poets and composers attracted by the theme of mystery and attracts the marshes, their mesmerizing beauty.A marsh plants will always be present wildlife.