word "generalissimo" is translated from Latin as "most important."Military rank of generalissimo appeared in France in the middle of the XVI century.In Russia, it introduced the young Peter I, who used it first for fun and amusing wars.The first Russian generalissimo - it Romodanovsky Fyodor and Ivan Baturina.FURomodanovsky later served as Prince-Caesar during the journey of Peter I in Europe.
The Generalissimo Russia was elevated ASShein, ADMenshikov, Prince Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick and AVSuvorov.
I must say that this title was not originally a bore of a serious nature.ASShane received the rank of Peter I in the war with the Swedes began to fail him.He was captured, covering the retreat of Russian troops.ASShane exchanged for Swedish officers.He commanded Semenov and Preobrazhensky Regiment - the pride of the emperor.They distinguished themselves in the Battle of Azov.When ASShane was appointed commander of Russian troops managed to finally take Azov, during which he received in 1696 the rank of generalissimo.He died in 1700.
Subsequent Russian Generalissimo that office did not receive for military service, and for reasons of a formal protocol.ADMenshikov got this rank in 1727, because his daughter was engaged to Peter II (to the rank corresponded to the emperor).But Peter II died, and ADMenshikov fell into disgrace, deprived of all ranks and was exiled to Tobolsk province, where he died in 1729.
A similar thing happened with Prince Anton Ulrich of Brunswick.He received the title of Generalissimo only for the fact that he was the father of a minor Emperor John VI, in 1740.A year later, after Elizabeth I ascended the throne, Prince stripped of rank and exiled to Kholmogory.He lived there a long time, died in 1774.
Only AVSuvorov was awarded the title of Generalissimo fully deserved.He was born in 1730.Serve ordinary Semenov regiment began with 13 years.During his military career he won 60 battles, none lost.The most famous battles were the following: the taking of Izmail in 1790 and the Italian and Swiss campaign in 1799, for which the AVSuvorov was promoted to generalissimo.The palace and political intrigue undermined his health, in 1800 he died.Generalissimo Suvorov was endowed with a bright talent commander and rightfully holds a worthy place in Russian history.After
AVGeneralissimo Suvorov Russia ended.The title is not awarded to anyone.There were nearly 150 years, the generalissimo of the USSR.This title was given 26 June 1945 IVStalin.According to historians, Stalin refused him, he was indifferent to the ranks and awards.Take the title of Generalissimo Stalin persuaded General KKRokossovsky.
analyzing the historical facts, strange pattern emerges.All Russian generalissimo after receiving this title almost immediately or within a short time fell into disgrace and soon died.Only IVStalin remained in that position for 8 years.Of course, it lasted until 1993, but he was never given to anyone else.