Nordic race

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should be immediately noted that the doctrine of the division of people into races was popularized by anthropologists in the early twentieth century.Discussions on this subject today is largely considered as not scientific, ideological and, therefore, do not have a scientific utility.

Promotion claim the superiority of a particular race, the so-called "Nordic" requires appropriate evaluation and people of other races.Ideology, which is called the "Northern theory" or "nordism" (norditsizm) was common in the late 1800s and early 1900s in Western Europe and North America, and has had a significant influence on Nazi ideology.Particularly strong attention to it developed in the 1920s, when the term "Nordic race" was used interchangeably with the term "Aryan race."

This ideology, position the Nordic race as the master race within a larger, Caucasian, in the 1930s, it has undergone a lot of criticism in the UK, the US and other advanced countries.

Reich Minister of Food in Nazi Germany and the ideological mentor, Heinrich Himmler, Richard Walter Darre Oscar, developed the concept of the German peasantry, which was defined as the "Nordic race", which had no relation to the Aryan, Indo-European, or German.The term "Aryans" (Aryans) was used to refer to tribes with Iranian plains.

So, according to these ideological views, life in all its many and varied forms and manifestations, is a product of the process of divergent evolution, according to which Europeans are divided into three "rock" or racial categories - northern, Alpine and Mediterranean.

Nordic race, common in Northern Europe, representing one of the three categories (small races or physical types), members of the Caucasian race is different from the others, and shows within its diversity, many features unique to themselves.Her representatives live mostly (but not exclusively) in Northern Europe, including the German-speaking population, characterized dolichocephaly (elongated shape of the head), light skin, high cheekbones, straight or slightly wavy blond hair that age can be a light brown ordark brown.They have bright eyes: blue, gray, green.Stereotypical Nordic type of appearance does not fit the description of "pure Aryan", which to a great mass of dark hair, despite the fact that the Nazi propaganda posters depicted the "Aryans" as blondes.

Supporters of the "Northern theory" argued that "Nordics" in the history of human civilization occupied a dominant position in ancient times, even among the Mediterranean race, hinting that some Roman emperors had blond hair.

Nordic race in turn divided into two sub-groups - the central and peripheral (Atlantic, neo-Danube subtypes).Under the central group is meant three anthropological type: borrebyu, Bruno, Scandinavian.The first two are characterized by archaic features, which date back to the Upper Paleolithic More types: tall, massive body, large head, broad face.This - the descendants of the first peoples who settled in the north-western Europe.

Scandinavian group exists in two types: type of Celtic Hallstatt and the British Isles and the Netherlands.She appeared in the north-west Europe during the Iron Age, along with Celtic and Germanic cultures.In many areas, such as in Denmark and northern Germany, the different types of the northern races are inextricably linked, as is common among northern Europeans living in the United States.

It often happens that different subrasovye classification exist in a fairly narrow range.Relatively homogeneous population, Hallstatt Scandinavian type, can be found in southeastern Norway and central Sweden - the area that the famous American anthropologist Carleton Coon called Stevens "a haven of classic Nordic race."In his work "The races of Europe" (1939), he says that the modern Scandinavian race - a mixture of two archaic Mediterranean physical types (Type Corded Ware culture and the type of the Danube).However, on the basis of DNA research, this relationship was recognized as incorrect.They have shown a much closer link between Scandinavian and Upper Paleolithic types - more than with any of the Mediterranean.

Initially, the concept of "Nordic race" (northern) was introduced by the French anthropologist Joseph Deniker who created the classification of the races in 1900.Its use is intended for the description of "ethnic community" (ethnic group).

In XXI century between anthropologists and biologists had the unanimous agreement about the fact that the "pure" race is not, and never was.The emergence of population genetics further undermined the theory of categorization Europeans clearly defined racial groups.

But in any case, among the existing uncertainties about racial categories the fact remains that the northerners are characterized by certain physical features, as well as a special mold social behavior that can be voiced as "Nordic character".It - independence, perseverance, initiative, willpower, hard work, a keen sense of justice.