If you trace the origin of empires in the European continent over the past 500-600 years, we can see the primary role of military expansion.Territory of neighboring and distant countries captured militant rulers, the Mongols, led by Genghis Khan operated by scorched earth, destroying everything and everyone;British territories in the absence of others nearby, swam away from home and there engage in expansion.The Roman Empire was formed by land-Occupied, who promptly joined, and then introduced to the public, and the laws of the Roman people granted full civil rights.The Romans tried to make sure that the enslaved peoples do not feel that way.
Russian Empire in the early 20th century before
Russia has not waged wars of conquest.However, she had a vast territory, mostly undeveloped, and these vast spaces had great political significance.In the early 18th century in Europe, North started the war in which one side acted, Sweden, and the other - a coalition combining the northern states, including Russia.The war lasted 20 years and ended with the defeat of Sweden.As a result of the Northern War King Peter I by the decision of the Senate was granted the title of All-Russian Emperor.In 1721, Emperor Peter I declared the Russian Empire.
existed for nearly two centuries, the Russian Empire at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries has been its history in a coup.Perhaps the Bolshevik Revolution was the result of the complexities of economic and political, that has experienced the Russian empire in the early 20th century.The spirit of the autocracy, the absolute monarchy did not go to the benefit of the country, economically backward and politically dependent on Western countries.Introduced autocratic king rigid fiscal policy forced the peasants to which bear a major burden of taxes, "go underground", to hide agricultural products, to somehow survive and not to die from hunger.
across Europe were political discussions that the Russian Empire in the early 20th century is no longer as powerful as it was in the past one hundred and fifty years of its history.Several rectify the situation, the then Minister of Finance SYWitte.He managed to persuade the Tsar Nicholas II of the need for a rigid program of industrial development of the country.It was proposed to close the road to protectionism, which brought together the industrial assets of Russian and foreign, in favor of the latter.There was a monetary reform in 1897, will significantly strengthen the Russian ruble, which soon became a reliable European currency, backed by gold since.
At the same time on the European continent tense political situation.Shirilos strike movement at the hearing were Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and on the threshold of history loomed a new Russian empire.The economy is already closely intertwined with the political aspirations of the masses.As previously monolithic, the Russian Empire in the early 20th century, shaken and it went crack.It lost its firmness of autocracy.The Council of Ministers, before submissive to the will of the royal ceased to be unquestioning political entity and its decisions have had the character of state responsibility.Then the Russian Empire in the early 20th century experienced another shock - the first world civil war that would bring an end to the empire.