Types of political culture and the principles of their development

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political culture - a characteristic of political life, which is due to historically.It consists of the level of development of the subject of the policy, its activities and its results, the subject of which is considered in the relevant institutions and relationships.

If we consider this concept in the narrow sense, it is a set of political practices and activities that are specific to a particular state and the received by all its citizens.

structure of political culture consists of a number of components that are interconnected with each other.Here are some of them: the value-normative, cognitive, evaluative, and behavioral installation.However, in addition to the components recovered as certain levels of political culture:

  1. Ideological.It is a vision of the principles of political activities and different aspects.

  2. Civic.Isolation own political status, which will correspond to the existing opportunities.

  3. Policy.Formation of its relationship to the political regime, to opponents and allies.

There are certain types of political culture, defined on the basis of representations of people about it:

  1. democratic political culture.The government in this case acts as an instrument of the will of the people.The basis of this type of culture is the idea of ​​the sovereignty of the people and the belief that the protest arising in case of disagreement with the principles of the political power, will have an effect.

  2. authoritarian.Here the state regardless of the method of its creation is seen by citizens as a force, whose decisions must be strictly obeyed.

  3. revolutionary.All types of political culture somehow characterize the behavior of citizens in relation to the authorities if they are unhappy with it.This type could not be more clearly shows the essence of the protest, which consists in a radical change of the existing state system.Moreover, it is believed that the degree of radicalism of the revolution is directly proportional to its sequence, iethan cardinal measures taken, the better the result.

  4. Messianic.The gist of it is that citizens believe in the supreme purpose of the State that it must fulfill some mission.Note that this view exists in its pure form a relatively short time, but in its latent form can complement many types of political culture.

  5. patriarchal.The basis of this type of relationship are the citizens and the authorities, which can be compared with the relationship of father and child.Political liberty in this case is not, and it is akin to limit children's prohibitions that exist in the traditional patriarchal family.This type is characterized by stability, but only until such time as alive "father."

American political scientist S. Verba and G.Almond identified those types of political culture:

  1. patriarchal.It is inherent only to the public, where the political system has not yet formed.

  2. poddannicheskoj.It is characterized by the existence of specialized political institutions targeted by members of the public.However, they may exhibit a variety of emotions: pride, hostility, resentment, seeing their existence and activities of both legal and illegal.

  3. Activist, or the culture of political participation.Members of the public can not only shape their requirements for political power, but they are given the right to participate directly in it.

American political scientists argue that none of these types can not exist in a pure form.They interact with each other and form a species in which dominates the particular component.